How to treat tree pollen allergy


Types, treatments, and home remedies

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Pollen is vital to plant growth, but it can cause unpleasant symptoms for people with pollen allergies.

During growing seasons, pollen spreads through the air and fertilizes plants. When people with allergies breathe in this pollen, their body identifies it as a threat, which can trigger an allergic reaction.

In this article, learn about the symptoms of a pollen allergy, such as sneezing, itching, and watery eyes. We also look at some treatment options and home remedies that might bring relief.

Pollen allergy causes a person to experience several of the following symptoms:

  • itchy or watery eyes
  • itchy throat
  • a runny nose
  • sneezing
  • a stuffy nose
  • wheezing

Some people with asthma may also find a pollen allergy worsens their existing asthma symptoms, which can include wheezing and coughing.

When a person breathes in pollen, the pollen releases water-soluble proteins on the respiratory lining. These proteins are usually harmless, but sometimes a person’s body mistakenly recognizes them as harmful substances.

The body reacts to this perceived threat by making and releasing substances known as IgE antibodies.

These IgE antibodies attach to mast cells in the body, which release histamine. Histamine is the main substance responsible for pollen allergy symptoms.

A variety of different pollen types exist, which is why one person’s allergy symptoms may be bad when trees are flowering, and another person may have symptoms that worsen when grasses are growing.

People may be allergic to the following pollen types:

  • grasses
  • trees, such as birch, cedar, and oak
  • weeds, such as ragweed, sagebrush, or tumbleweed

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, grasses are the most common pollen allergy.

If a person does not know which pollen they are allergic to, they can see a doctor that specializes in allergies. These specialists are called allergists and immunologists.

Allergists and immunologists can conduct testing to determine what types of pollen a person is sensitive to. This information is helpful because each plant type grows at different times of the year.

Knowing which pollen types a person is allergic to can help them decide when to start taking medications and the best times to avoid the outdoors.

Some people with a pollen allergy find they are also sensitive to certain food types.

For example, people who are allergic to birch tree pollen may also be allergic to raw apples or hazelnuts. This is because the pollen in birch trees is similar to the proteins present in these foods.

A person should talk to their allergist about how pollen allergies might impact what they eat.

Share on PinterestNasal sprays may relieve the symptoms of a pollen allergy.

Medical treatments, home remedies, and changes in some lifestyle habits can help ease symptoms of pollen allergy.

Treatments for pollen allergies include:

  • Over-the-counter antihistamine medications, such as cetirizine (Zyrtec) or loratadine (Claritin). A person should start taking these medications a few weeks before allergy season begins.
  • Immunotherapy tablets or shots to desensitize the body to pollen.
  • Nasal sprays designed to relieve the itching and congestion. These include decongestants, which are only a short-term solution for swelling.
  • Nasal corticosteroid sprays are effective in reducing inflammation and its associated symptoms in the nasal passages.

Most treatments only help manage allergy symptoms, but cannot cure them. Immunotherapy may be helpful for long-term allergy management but can take several years to complete.

There is a variety of home remedies and preventative steps that a person can take to reduce their allergy symptoms. Examples of these include:

  • Keeping the windows closed when pollen counts are high.
  • Using special HEPA filters in central air conditioning vents might help filter out pollen from the air system.
  • Changing clothes each time after coming inside from the outdoors to limit pollen exposure.
  • Taking a bath or shower each night before going to bed to rid the skin and hair of pollen buildup.
  • Washing bedding in hot, soapy water at least once per week.

Many home remedies for allergies are available, but research has not yet proven that they are effective.

One example of a home remedy is eating local or raw honey. Some natural food experts maintain that eating local honey can help reduce pollen allergies in the same way that allergy shots do.

However, the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology have not found any research to confirm that consuming local honey will help reduce allergy symptoms.

Other home remedies that may help fight a pollen allergy include:

  • Drinking herbal teas made with gingko, milk thistle, red clover, stinging nettles, or yarrow. These herbal preparations may have anti-inflammatory effects, which might reduce allergy symptoms.
  • Using nasal saline irrigation tools, such as Neti pots, to flush the nasal passages, using warm water and salt.
  • Taking herbal capsules, such as Allium cepa or Euphrasia.

The above home remedies are not scientifically proven to be effective, but anecdotal evidence suggests they may help some people.

A pollen allergy is a common but irritating condition. A person may be allergic to certain types of pollen or multiple pollens.

An allergist can help them determine which pollens affect them most.

Medication and at-home treatments are available to reduce symptoms until the pollen season subsides.

The remedies listed in this article are available for purchase online.

  • Shop for Zyrtec.
  • Shop for Claritin.
  • Shop for nasal sprays.
  • Shop for HEPA filters.
  • Shop for herbal teas.
  • Shop for neti pots.
  • Shop for Allium cepa.
  • Shop for Euphrasia.

Types, treatments, and home remedies

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Here’s our process.

Pollen is vital to plant growth, but it can cause unpleasant symptoms for people with pollen allergies.

During growing seasons, pollen spreads through the air and fertilizes plants. When people with allergies breathe in this pollen, their body identifies it as a threat, which can trigger an allergic reaction.

In this article, learn about the symptoms of a pollen allergy, such as sneezing, itching, and watery eyes. We also look at some treatment options and home remedies that might bring relief.

Pollen allergy causes a person to experience several of the following symptoms:

  • itchy or watery eyes
  • itchy throat
  • a runny nose
  • sneezing
  • a stuffy nose
  • wheezing

Some people with asthma may also find a pollen allergy worsens their existing asthma symptoms, which can include wheezing and coughing.

When a person breathes in pollen, the pollen releases water-soluble proteins on the respiratory lining. These proteins are usually harmless, but sometimes a person’s body mistakenly recognizes them as harmful substances.

The body reacts to this perceived threat by making and releasing substances known as IgE antibodies.

These IgE antibodies attach to mast cells in the body, which release histamine. Histamine is the main substance responsible for pollen allergy symptoms.

A variety of different pollen types exist, which is why one person’s allergy symptoms may be bad when trees are flowering, and another person may have symptoms that worsen when grasses are growing.

People may be allergic to the following pollen types:

  • grasses
  • trees, such as birch, cedar, and oak
  • weeds, such as ragweed, sagebrush, or tumbleweed

According to the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America, grasses are the most common pollen allergy.

If a person does not know which pollen they are allergic to, they can see a doctor that specializes in allergies. These specialists are called allergists and immunologists.

Allergists and immunologists can conduct testing to determine what types of pollen a person is sensitive to. This information is helpful because each plant type grows at different times of the year.

Knowing which pollen types a person is allergic to can help them decide when to start taking medications and the best times to avoid the outdoors.

Some people with a pollen allergy find they are also sensitive to certain food types.

For example, people who are allergic to birch tree pollen may also be allergic to raw apples or hazelnuts. This is because the pollen in birch trees is similar to the proteins present in these foods.

A person should talk to their allergist about how pollen allergies might impact what they eat.

Share on PinterestNasal sprays may relieve the symptoms of a pollen allergy.

Medical treatments, home remedies, and changes in some lifestyle habits can help ease symptoms of pollen allergy.

Treatments for pollen allergies include:

  • Over-the-counter antihistamine medications, such as cetirizine (Zyrtec) or loratadine (Claritin). A person should start taking these medications a few weeks before allergy season begins.
  • Immunotherapy tablets or shots to desensitize the body to pollen.
  • Nasal sprays designed to relieve the itching and congestion. These include decongestants, which are only a short-term solution for swelling.
  • Nasal corticosteroid sprays are effective in reducing inflammation and its associated symptoms in the nasal passages.

Most treatments only help manage allergy symptoms, but cannot cure them. Immunotherapy may be helpful for long-term allergy management but can take several years to complete.

There is a variety of home remedies and preventative steps that a person can take to reduce their allergy symptoms. Examples of these include:

  • Keeping the windows closed when pollen counts are high.
  • Using special HEPA filters in central air conditioning vents might help filter out pollen from the air system.
  • Changing clothes each time after coming inside from the outdoors to limit pollen exposure.
  • Taking a bath or shower each night before going to bed to rid the skin and hair of pollen buildup.
  • Washing bedding in hot, soapy water at least once per week.

Many home remedies for allergies are available, but research has not yet proven that they are effective.

One example of a home remedy is eating local or raw honey. Some natural food experts maintain that eating local honey can help reduce pollen allergies in the same way that allergy shots do.

However, the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology have not found any research to confirm that consuming local honey will help reduce allergy symptoms.

Other home remedies that may help fight a pollen allergy include:

  • Drinking herbal teas made with gingko, milk thistle, red clover, stinging nettles, or yarrow. These herbal preparations may have anti-inflammatory effects, which might reduce allergy symptoms.
  • Using nasal saline irrigation tools, such as Neti pots, to flush the nasal passages, using warm water and salt.
  • Taking herbal capsules, such as Allium cepa or Euphrasia.

The above home remedies are not scientifically proven to be effective, but anecdotal evidence suggests they may help some people.

A pollen allergy is a common but irritating condition. A person may be allergic to certain types of pollen or multiple pollens.

An allergist can help them determine which pollens affect them most.

Medication and at-home treatments are available to reduce symptoms until the pollen season subsides.

The remedies listed in this article are available for purchase online.

  • Shop for Zyrtec.
  • Shop for Claritin.
  • Shop for nasal sprays.
  • Shop for HEPA filters.
  • Shop for herbal teas.
  • Shop for neti pots.
  • Shop for Allium cepa.
  • Shop for Euphrasia.

Tree Pollen Allergy - Diagnosis and Treatment of Seasonal Allergies by EMC

Clinic of Dermatovenereology and Allergology-Immunology

Moscow, Spiridonevsky lane, 5/1,

Moscow, Orlovsky lane, 7,

Moscow, Rublevo-Uspenskoe highway, 187

Write to WhatsApp

Pollinosis (seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, hay fever) is a seasonal disease that develops in sensitized people due to contact with pollen. Sensitization is understood as the increased sensitivity of the body to the effects of irritants (allergens) that cause an allergic reaction. The allergen, while harmless to most people, is considered “dangerous” by the immune system in sensitized patients, resulting in an allergic reaction.

Seasonal allergy symptoms occur at about the same time each year as runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing attacks, burning or itching in the nose and mouth, conjunctivitis (red eyes, sandy eyes, itching/burning), cough , in some cases asthma attacks. In addition to the characteristic signs of allergies, frequent companions of hay fever are sleep disorders, fatigue, and increased fatigue. This leads to a significant deterioration in the quality of life of patients and significantly affects daily activities, professional activities and studies.

The most common symptoms of pollinosis in central Russia develop in April-May (Table 1) during the flowering of birch trees (birch, alder, hornbeam, hazel). In the southern regions of Russia, cypress trees (cypress, juniper, thuja) have a similar effect, and in Southern Europe, the olive comes out on top among the trees that cause allergies.


Tab. 1. Flowering calendar of plants in central Russia

A distinctive feature of birch pollen is that it is lighter than, for example, pollen of coniferous trees; it has a non-sticky surface, which allows it to be carried by the wind over long distances. Even a small amount of pollen in the air can be enough to cause allergy symptoms in sensitized people, and during the peak of flowering, the number of pollen grains reaches 4000/m³. Tree pollen allergies can also cause allergic reactions to certain types of food (Table 2).

The reason for this phenomenon, called “cross-allergy”, is that the structure of some food and inhalant allergens is very similar. Because of the similarity (Fig. 1), the immune system reacts not only to pollen, but also to similar molecules found in food.

Tab. 2. Cross-allergic reactions


Fig. 1. Structure of birch (bet v 1), celery (api g 1) and cherry (pru av 1) protein molecules.

Diagnosis of seasonal allergies is based on an assessment of the clinical picture of the disease and a special examination. This includes a blood test for specific immunoglobulins E and/or skin allergy tests. In the process of skin allergy testing (prick diagnostics), a small amount of tree pollen extracts in the form of a solution is placed on the forearm or back. Swelling and redness of the skin in the area of ​​application indicate the presence of an allergy. Based on the information received, a decision is made on further treatment tactics.

Treatment of seasonal allergies includes symptomatic therapy (antihistamines, local anti-inflammatory and antiallergic agents), as well as pathogenetic treatment aimed at the cause of the disease. To date, the only method of pathogenetic treatment of seasonal allergies is Allergen Specific Immunotherapy (ASIT). ASIT consists in the sequential introduction of certain doses of allergens into the human body: during the initial phase of treatment (up to 4 months), the administered doses gradually increase, then during the maintenance phase, the same dose of the allergen is administered for 3 years. After a full course of treatment, the patient has a long-term remission, immunity to the allergen.

There are two main methods of allergen administration: subcutaneous and sublingual. Subcutaneous injections are made by a doctor in the area of ​​​​the outer surface of the shoulder. Drugs in the form of sublingual drops or tablets are taken under the tongue and then swallowed.

ASIT allows to reduce or completely stop the symptoms of the disease, helps to avoid subsequent sensitization, prevents the transition of rhinitis to asthma. The key factors for successful therapy are the start of treatment in the early stages of the development of hay fever, regular intake and compliance with the doctor's prescriptions. The EMC Clinic of Dermatology and Allergology performs all types of diagnostics of seasonal and other forms of allergies, and also offers modern methods of treating hay fever.

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Treatment of pollinosis, treatment of allergy to plant pollen ASIT therapy

Treatment of pollinosis (treatment of allergy to plant pollen)

All over the world and in Russia, the incidence of pollinosis is growing.

Periods of exacerbation of hay fever ( pollen allergy ) depend on climatographic conditions.
There are three main flowering periods in central Russia:
- spring April-May, when there is a high concentration of tree pollen in the air,
- summer June-July, meadow grass pollen is present,
- summer-autumn August-October, flowering of weeds.
To reduce the symptoms of itching, watery eyes, sneezing, nasal discharge, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, pre-season training is carried out from the beginning of April.
Further in the flowering season, therapeutic measures are continued in combination with a certain diet, because. Plant pollen has cross-reactions with food.

Optimal treatment of pollinosis method: ASIT therapy (allergen-specific immunotherapy).
ASIT therapy helps reduce sensitivity to pollen, reduces cross food intolerance. The effectiveness of ASIT is higher in the early stages of the disease.

Treatment of hay fever (treatment of pollen allergy). ASIT therapy.

In October, when the pollination season is over, patients with hay fever (reaction to pollen of trees, grasses) begin allergy treatment with an allergist-immunologist, namely allergen-specific immunotherapy ( ASIT therapy )
ASIT is the most recommended method of immunotherapy by authoritative international communities. Treatment of hay fever with ASIT has been carried out since 1911. In 2011, the world celebrated the 100th anniversary of the successful use of the method.
ASIT therapy is used to treat pollen and household allergies. The ASIT regimen is divided into a dose escalation phase and a maintenance phase. The frequency of injections is different when using imported and domestic drugs.
An allergist-immunologist individually selects a drug and an administration scheme for each patient.
It is important that ASIT therapy reduces the likelihood of developing new sensitization (sensitivity to new allergens), reduces the risk of developing asthma in patients with rhinitis. The effect after the cessation of ASIT can persist for several years.

In our clinic, for the treatment of pollinosis, modern diagnostic and treatment complexes are used

- Modern monitoring of bronchial asthma;

- drug therapy with new generation drugs;

- a special program for the treatment of allergic rhinitis using unique equipment;

- allergen-specific immunotherapy (ASIT) with imported and domestic drugs for hay fever, allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma - the best method for treating allergic diseases, because affects the causes of the disease.

The most common questions about the treatment of hay fever (allergy to plant pollen):

• Why is it important to treat hay fever (allergy to plant pollen)? Maybe it will "go away"?

- Allergy to plant pollen is manifested not only by characteristic symptoms (runny nose, sneezing attacks, watery eyes, a feeling of "sand in the eyes", photophobia, burning in the corners of the eyes, itching in the nose and mouth, cough), but also a general disorder well-being: fatigue, irritability, headaches, chronic fatigue, sleep disturbance. Given the length of the flowering season from May to October, the treatment of allergies in children and adults is of great importance in maintaining good health and the ability to engage in work, study, sports, etc. Timely treatment of hay fever (allergy to plant pollen) is very important in order to prevent the development of a more severe allergy to plant pollen, to avoid the transition of allergic rhinitis to bronchial asthma, especially in children. Unfortunately, the manifestations of allergy to plant pollen are intensifying every year, pollinosis cannot be cured spontaneously. Sometimes, in a cool rainy spring, patients have the impression that the pollen allergy has disappeared.

Which days are the most difficult for patients with hay fever?

-On sunny and hot days, the concentration of pollen in the air is especially high and patients with hay fever (allergy to plant pollen) feel especially bad. If these days there is also a strong wind that carries pollen for many kilometers, then patients sometimes cannot leave the house. The most favorable time for patients with allergies to plant pollen is after rain, when the concentration of pollen in the air is significantly reduced.

• What is the best way to treat hay fever (allergy to plant pollen) in children and adults?

-Each method of treating hay fever in children and adults is important and is used in a certain period. Elimination of the allergen - exclusion of contact with pollen. How to ensure it? - Travel from one climatic and geographical zone to another, - keep the windows closed in the morning and afternoon hours, when plants emit the most pollen, - do not open the windows in the car, - ventilate the room in rainy weather, - do not dry clothes after washing on the street, - take a shower 2 times a day. In the treatment of allergies in children, this method is the main one, since a small age is a contraindication for many drugs and ASIT. Symptomatic therapy - the treatment of severe manifestations of allergy to plant pollen in children and adults during the flowering period is carried out with medicines in the form of tablets, nasal sprays, eye drops. An allergist prescribes symptomatic treatment of an allergic disease in accordance with the age of the patient and the severity of the allergic disease. But medications relieve symptoms of pollen allergy for a short time and do not eliminate the cause of the allergy.


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