How to trim a red oak tree


Tree Pruning, Especially Oaks - Neil Sperry's GARDENS

I’m asked several times weekly when it’s safe to prune oak trees. People are usually concerned about spreading oak wilt by pruning improperly.

As we pulled into a parking spot last week, I saw this pruning work obviously done by a professional team. It had all been done so perfectly, except – where was the pruning sealant? According to foresters and plant pathologists, that’s a must when you’re pruning live oaks.

I decided to address tree pruning in two steps. We’ll start with the oaks, and we’ll spread to the general topic of all trees.

Overhead photo from Texas Oak Wilt Partnership website shows impact oak wilt has on native stands of live oaks. Timing of pruning is an important part of stopping its spread.

Pruning oaks: How and when…
Because they are subject to a vascular fungus that has killed thousands of live oaks and red oaks across Texas, how and when we prune these trees is ultra-important. Here are your important facts.

Insects are a major carrier of the oak wilt fungus. They move most freely to open wounds.

Insects are inactive in winter, so prime pruning time was initially determined to be Thanksgiving through Valentine’s Day.

Odd discoloration of live oak leaves is important clue to identification of oak wilt invasion.

The oak wilt fungus is inactive at temperatures above 95F, so it was later determined that pruning could be done after mid-July and running through Valentine’s Day.

All cut surfaces larger than a broomstick (or your thumb) should be coated with pruning paint (or paint of some type) to prevent direct access to the fresh wood by the tiny beetle that carries the fungus.

There is a fungicide that can be injected into healthy trees that are within oak wilt zones. This is work that is probably better left to a certified arborist who specializes in oak wilt.

Oak wilt is also transmitted by root grafts, so if you have a grove (also known as a “mott”) of oaks with roots that are intertwined, you may need to consider having trenches cut through the root systems to prevent spread of the disease. Again, a trained certified arborist (ask for credentials) would be your best source of help.

As for whether you may or may not be seeing oak wilt in your trees or down the road, I’m going to refer you to an outstanding website maintained by professionals of the Texas A&M Forest Service and the USDA Forest Service (hard to beat those resources). Click here for all of their help.

Continued Below

Pruning trees: General guidelines…
Entire books are written on proper pruning of shade trees (oaks included). Certified arborists have to pass difficult exams in order to prove that they are completely trained and qualified to be designated as “certified.” Here, however, are a few overall consumer facts and tips that can prove very useful.

You cannot change a tree’s growth habit or mature size by pruning. You won’t keep a live oak from spreading far and wide and covering an entire city lot, and you won’t keep a pecan from running into the power lines. Those things are genetically pre-determined, and repeated pruning only delays the inevitable.

But you can affect the pattern of a tree’s trunk and limbs. You can help it avoid narrow crotches and branch angles. You can remove low-hanging branches that are causing excessive shade or creating safety concerns.

Other than for oaks and the oak wilt concerns noted above, pruning can be done at almost any time of the year. Certified arborists will be able to guide you.

Only skilled climbers should be working in trees. These men from Arborilogical Services of DFW take care of our trees, including this giant pecan. I don’t believe I’m the man for this task!

Only trained professionals should climb into trees to do pruning. I have watched them do their work, and it is a highly skilled science that leaves no room for mistakes.

On a side note, and specifically referring to one of the advertisers here in e-gardens for purposes of disclosure, Arborilogical Services was doing work in the trees at our house. I asked owner Steve Houser why I never saw any ladders on any of his trucks. His immediate response: “If a climber needs a ladder, I don’t hire him. I need climbers who can safely ascend from the ground to do their work.” I might add that his employees have won the Texas Tree Climbing Championship more than 20 times.

Never lift your chain saw above your head. That greatly reduces the chances of serious injury.

We had one large branch on the huge pecan that was precariously close to our rooftop. It was decided that that branch needed to come off. You can see how it was removed leaving just a bit of the branch collar to aid in the healing.You can see how the roll of new bark is forming perfectly across the cut surface. Within a few years the cut will be completely healed. Since this is not an oak, pruning paint was not applied.This cut was made way too close to the trunk. As a result, no branch collar was left and far too much internal wood was left exposed. This pruning job may not turn out well. Facebook friend J.C. posted this photo last week.

When removing a large branch, use the 3-step approach to prevent bark peeling down the main trunk:

1. Make an undercut into the bottom of the branch 10 or 12 inches out from the trunk. It should extend 1/4 of the way up into the branch.

2. Go 3 inches farther out on the branch and cut from the top of the branch all the way through until the branch falls. The bark on the bottom of the branch will peel, but it will be stopped where it intersects with the undercut.

3. Come back near the trunk and make the final cut almost flush, leaving a piece of the branch collar in place for faster healing.

The branch collar is a critical concept. Think of it as the “delta” of a river, where the river broadens as it enters a larger body of water. You want to make your cut back in the narrower area, not through the delta. That way you’ll be exposing less fresh wood. You’ll be leaving a uniform ring of wood to develop a roll of new bark. Over the next few years, that roll will grow to cover the wound. Eventually you won’t be able to tell that a branch was ever removed.

This sapling was neglected when the trunk had a branch broken off. Decay set in and has since moved all the way down one side of the trunk. Soon, I fear, the trunk will be lost.

By comparison, if you leave a stub in place as you prune, it will never heal. Decay will set in and eventually the rot will move down into the main trunk. After a few years the entire tree will be lost.

As for pruning sealant, research of the past 25-30 years has shown that it’s really not necessary (except with oaks). In fact, trees that are left unsprayed usually heal more rapidly than trees whose pruning cuts are sealed.

Posted by Neil Sperry

How to Trim an Oak Tree Without Killing It

Date November 11, 2021

Author David Gaona

A beautiful oak tree is an asset to any landscaping. As an essential part of our ecosystem fostering many food sources and habitats for birds, plants, and wildlife, how can we help keep them healthy and thriving wherever they may grow? Here are some top tree tips for doing just that!

Can Trimming Kill an Oak Tree?

Absolutely, and when it comes to oak trees, age matters! If your oak is 3 years old or younger, you can snip the dead or damaged branches to minimize potential disease risk that might further harm the entire tree; if older than 3 years, limbs that have turned back inward towards the trunk should be removed entirely. With the dead limb gone, your trees can now focus on supporting their existing appendages and any possible regrowth! Trimming oak trees allows for better distribution of tree nutrition and room for other branches to grow more consistently.

Carefully Trim Only in the Winter

Timing of pruning matters for most trees, but it’s an especially critical consideration for oak trees. Only ever prune oak trees in winter. They can develop an often fatal disease known as Oak Wilt, spread by infected pests attracted to any open wounds (e.g., from branches rubbing against each other or pruning cuts) and feeding on the sap from the freshly shorn trees. These bugs are most active in the warmer summer months between April and October, so your best chance to avoid them is when they’re dormant in the cold.

Speaking of pruning cuts, they can be very helpful in stimulating new growth, but be careful as extremely cold temperatures can spoil all that help, too. As it gets closer to winter, plants reduce their energy use and convert it to reserves. If any growth is encouraged at this time, it will misuse those resources and lead to dieback in the event of a freeze.

Another factor to consider is the lack of foliage in winter. Leaves can impede your view of where cuts need to be made to the tree’s structure, risking improper cuts and stress to the tree. Oak trees don’t exactly handle extreme pruning well, so be very intentional and thoughtful of which limbs you snip. Never trim off more than 15% of the branches at any one time. If in any doubt about your pruning plans, give an ISA-certified arborist like TreeNewal a call to help you make more confident decisions.

Best Pruning Practices

More like what best NOT to do! Here are 4 common mistakes when it comes to the cutting methods.

1. Heading cuts

  • This cuts a branch back to an indiscriminate point that may ultimately disjoint the natural regrowth pattern. Occasionally, a heading cut is appropriate, but it’s best to leave that call to tree trimming experts.

2. Lion tailing

  • The removal of interior branches and leaving the leaves and growth only at branch ends. Lion tailing will remove too much foliage needed for photosynthesis and leave the tree vulnerable to wind damage and sunscald. It will also improperly redistribute weight to the weaker ends of branches and increase the presence of water sprouts, which are a sign of stress that the tree is developing new growth too quickly to compensate for photosynthesis.

3. Flush cuts

  • Perhaps the most common pruning mistake, a flush cut, happens when a branch is pruned flush with the point of attachment. This action critically disturbs the branch collar, the enlarged tissue at a branch’s base necessary to produce a cap over the pruning cut. If the wound cannot be naturally sealed, the cut becomes an accessible entrance for pests and bacteria to sneak in and harm the tree, if not outright kill it.
  • Be sure to cut just past the collar to leave encouraging room for the wound to seal itself.

4. Stub cuts

  • These are essentially the antithesis of flesh cuts. Stub cuts happen when a limb isn’t pruned closely enough to the branch collar; here, the stub is too long for the tree to form a seal over the wound.
  • An essential rule of thumb: If a hat could hang off the branch stub, it’s too long.

INSTEAD, use the 3-cut method!

To avoid bark damage caused by an unwise singular cut to a large branch, split the process into 3 clean steps.

  • Make the first shallow cut on the underside of the branch roughly 1 to 2 inches out from the branch collar where the branch attaches to the trunk. It will help avoid any tearing to the bark should the branch fall unexpectedly during the cutting.
  • Then, cut approximately 2 to 4 inches from the branch collar to remove the limb. Only a modest stub should be left behind at this point. (Remember the critical rule of thumb!)
  • Lastly, remove the remaining stub by cutting slightly past the branch collar.

What To Do After Pruning

To give your trees the best chance for success, apply a pruning sealant to all wounds, no matter the season. This waterproof petroleum-based paint spreads over the exposed area and acts as a bandage to protect the tree underneath as it heals. Be sure to properly dispose of any removed questionable branches to help manage and prevent the spread of disease.

If you feel overwhelmed and need assistance caring for your Texas oaks from professional tree care experts, don’t hesitate to drop a line to the ISA-certified arborists at TreeNewal for tailored tree care advice.

To learn more about How to Trim an Oak Tree Without Killing It, call our Argyle and Southlake-based teams

at tel:(817) 592-6846 or send us a message.

We’re a little different than the average tree services company.

Learn more about TreeNewal’s ISA Certified Arborists!

Our Dallas/Fort Worth-based tree doctors can explain how sustainable tree care services add more value to your bottom line.

Healthy trees, healthy lives.

90,000 when and how can an oak

Content

  • The role of an oak in landscaping
  • The role of trimming in the formation of the crown
  • ,
  • Cunning of the Austrian oak
  • Cunning of a stone oak
  • Acts of actions
  • When they proceed to pruning?
  • Sanitary pruning
  • Recommendations for beginners

Oak is a majestic and magnificent tree, a symbol of solidity and durability. The ancient Roman scientist Pliny considered centuries-old oaks a wonder of the world and believed that they appeared simultaneously with the emergence of the universe.

In nature, you can see about 600 species of this plant, among which there are both evergreen and deciduous. Basically, these are trees 20-30 meters high, less often 50 meters. Some species are shrubs, among which there are very small ones, no higher than two or three meters. Oaks adapt well to different environmental conditions, some species can withstand frosts down to -60C. In Western Europe and central Russia, pedunculate oak is most common, and, for example, in North America, the species composition is more diverse.

The role of oak in landscaping

Most of them grow slowly, in addition to the main trunk there is a spreading crown, which is heavy skeletal branches and many small branches covered with dense foliage. To maintain an aesthetic appearance, the crown of each oak must be cut. This, seemingly simple at first glance, must be done carefully so as not to spoil the landscape composition and not harm the plant.

Where natural conditions favor the growth of oak, there are quite a lot of them in forest parks and large parks. Separately growing trees, the tree looks wide, its trunk is not high, and the crown is spreading. Most often they are planted next to coniferous trees.

If this is a planting and a lot of trees are planted, then the oaks will be tall, straight and slender.

The role of pruning in the formation of the crown

Throughout the life of the plant, intensive growth of the main stem can be observed. Apical growth occurs much faster than lateral shoots, so oak belongs to plants with monopodial branching.

Regardless of the species, the ever-growing trunk of the plant will be strong and straight, but it may not be alone. A randomly growing crown will give the plant an untidy look, so it needs to be shaped, that is, to limit the growth of branches. To do this, oak branches need to be cut in a timely manner, they do it every two to three years, using different methods.

To slow upward growth, remove the apical bud (remove the tip of the shoot), shorten or cut out the branches or shoot. Some gardeners make the mistake of believing that it is enough to trim only the growth. Such a procedure will lead to the fact that the branching will be even more intense, which means that the thickening will increase. In order for the crown to look openwork, it is better to remove part of the growth, and sometimes entire branches, this should be done without sparing, since as a result it will be possible for sunlight to enter the crown.

Pruning of crowns of oaks of different types has a number of minor differences.

Austrian oak pruning

Austrian oak is a deciduous tree with a domed crown. Crown pruning is done while the plant is at rest. The best time for this is autumn - spring.

This procedure is carried out according to the requirements for stem trees, which must have a main trunk, the stem should be about 2.5 m high. In countries with short and cool summers, the apical shoot will not be characterized by accelerated growth, as a result, the plant will look like a bush.

The first three to five years, the trunk is cleared of the lower shoots, but the branches are shortened gradually, this will take 2-3 years. Pruning formed trees is to remove dead shoots, this should be done regularly. If you still have little experience in pruning, it is better to entrust this matter to professionals. In order to properly carry out anti-aging pruning and remove excess branches from the crown, knowledge and skill are needed.

Holm oak pruning

Holm oak is an unusually beautiful plant. It has a wide rounded dense crown and dark glossy leaves. The shape of the crown, especially in young trees, is different - both drooping and columnar, but, most often, an intermediate option. Young representatives of this species resemble a bush; over the years, the trunk becomes clearer. The tree needs regular shearing, planting such oak trees you can get a magnificent hedge, you can grow one tree, if you form a crown in a timely manner, it will be large from the middle to the end of summer.

Pruning requirements are the same as for stemless trees, the lower branches in the shade tend to fall off. The main shoot will not remain dominant for long, but you should not rush to remove the side ones, gradually they will take over the functions of the skeletal ones. In old oaks, the crown is asymmetric, but your attempts to restore harmony may be in vain, young shoots are unlikely to appear in empty places. Mature oaks are pruned only in emergency cases, for example, if the branch is broken by the wind, but it is better to entrust this to an experienced specialist.

Very often, out of ignorance, small, beautiful hanging branches are cut, this does not have the best effect on the appearance of the oak, therefore, it is necessary to make a decision on raising the crown only after consulting with a specialist.

Algorithm of actions

As we have already said, a neglected tree not only looks untidy, but can also become a hotbed for the spread of a dangerous infection that poses a threat to other trees. That's why it's so important to trim in a timely manner. With the right tool and knowledge of the algorithm of actions, you can easily cope with the task.

  1. Specify the type of oak and ask when is the best time to cut it. Pruning times can be adjusted to suit the weather conditions in your area.
  2. With a sharp instrument, make cuts on the lower parts of the branches at a distance of 30-60 cm from the main trunk.
  3. Make cuts on the upper parts of the branches 7-10 cm above the first ones. This will keep the bark intact.
  4. It is necessary to remove undeveloped, damaged and dry branches. Cut as close to the trunk as possible to minimize knots. The cut points are treated with sealants; black paint can be used as a sealant.

When do you start pruning?

The best time for this is the end of winter and the beginning of spring, but, as we have already noticed, different species have their own characteristics. In areas with a warm climate, where winters are not very cold, pruning is also done in winter, but the air temperature on this day should not be lower than -5C. If this requirement is not observed, then part of the bark and wood in the area of ​​\u200b\u200bthe cut may be frostbite. No less careful should be pruned in the summer. Pruning should not be too intense.

Sanitary pruning

Mid-February or mid-April is the best time for sanitary pruning of oak trees. Cut off dry, unhealthy, damaged branches, and those that grow towards the center of the crown. You can also do this from July to August.

Beginner's advice

  • The chainsaw is most commonly used for pruning. Keep safety in mind, and if you are handling it for the first time, consult an experienced gardener on its use.
  • Do not cut thick old branches without the help of a professional or alone, there is a high risk of injury.
  • Oak is a tall tree, so experts do not recommend standing on the stairs while working, it is better, for reliability, to fix yourself to the trunk with seat belts.
  • If you consider pruning unnecessary, long branches will grow uncontrollably, they will show wounds from neighboring branches and knots rubbing against branches from gusts of wind. The wounds will develop an infection. What will affect the health of the tree is not the best way.
  • Take care of your own safety before starting work. Wear a hard hat or headgear that can protect your head. Any protective clothing with long sleeves is suitable - a work suit, overalls, a dressing gown and even a shirt.

Pruning of common oak in the garden plot

Landscaping of a suburban area, park, country house, city sidewalk will perfectly decorate an oak tree, planting and caring for a tree is of interest to many amateurs and experts. Oak is a broad-leaved tree, the geography of which is from temperate to equatorial latitudes. In addition to all the power of sound, oak deserves a kind of sacred relationship. This tree was raised even by the ancient peoples, they believed in the strength of its energy and power. Indeed, the appearance of oak symbolizes fertility.

Oak can be grown from a planted acorn, but it is much easier and faster to buy a ready-made seedling.

The colorful color content of the tree at different times of the year allows you to get aesthetic pleasure all year round, therefore, the owners of even the smallest plot of land try to emphasize their status by growing this tree.

Contents

  • Description of the plant, its species and varieties
  • Tree care
  • How quickly oak grows
  • How to plant an oak seedling in the garden and take care of it?
  • What do you need to oak and where it is planted
  • Choice of a coarse -large oak in a nursery
  • Methods of reproduction, growing
  • The best varieties of oak
  • Proper landing
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  • Prices for tree pruning services

Description of the plant, its species and varieties

Oak is a well-known plant. But not many people know that it belongs to the beech family and there are more varieties of oak in the world than it might seem. There are about five hundred of them.


Mature oak

Each type of oak differs from its counterparts:

  • Crown shape
  • Sheet form
  • Leaf color
  • Fruit color

Despite the fact that sometimes the oak does not look like itself, there are still common features in this durable and representative tree species:

Large size. This is the main common feature. The oak has such a character that it is difficult to imagine it in dwarf forms. The name of the tree implies something solid, big.

Many gardeners have the desire to grow this beautiful tree, but there is not enough space. For such cases, low varieties are bred.

Fruit. In all representatives of this family, the fruit is an acorn. The name is known to all. The “berry” immediately appears, from which everyone made little men in childhood.

Different colors, different "hats" on it - the exceptional features of the variety. It is interesting to know that such hats are called "pluses" and are similar to the headdress of the Pope. The sizes of acorns also vary.

Durability. The expression "centenary oak" is beyond doubt and is often used in the literature. A tree can live up to 500 years or more.

Frost resistance. Almost all types and varieties of oak are frost-resistant to a greater or lesser extent. Depending on the region of growth, the leaves may remain on the tree or fall off.

Wind resistant. It takes very strong gusts of wind to tear an oak tree out of its dwelling.

Of the numerous representatives of oaks, the following varieties are known and widespread:

  • Pedunculate
  • Chestnut leaf
  • Red
  • Velvety
  • Stone
  • Large-fruited
  • Willowleaf

The pedunculate species is the most common in Europe. On the basis of such oak, decorative varieties have been created:

Atropurpurea. The leaves of this oak tree are dark red in color. They turn purple in autumn.

Oak leaves

Compacta. The variety is bred for small areas. You can’t call him a dwarf, but compared to an ordinary giant 30 meters high, a three-meter oak tree is a toy. The crown of this variety is rounded.

Variegata. A white leaf with green splashes is a varietal characteristic of this oak.

Fastigiata Koster. The crown of the tree is formed without additional pruning in the form of a pyramid.

Red oak is also a member of the beech family. It is most commonly found in North America and is distinguished from its counterparts by its red foliage.

Chestnut-leaved oak, due to its super frost-resistant wood, has been cut down for a long time in order to be used in the production of building materials. Now this species is listed in the Red Book, and work is underway in the reserves to restore the population.

Despite the opinion that the oak has no place in the garden, you can still find a decoration for the garden from a large or small oak.

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Tree care

Chestnut oak leaves.

It is not easy to plant an oak tree, it, like any plant, needs care. Decorative pruning, or artificial shaping of the trunk - it all depends on personal aesthetic needs.

In addition, oak needs constant lighting. Therefore, a young tree sprout should not be in the shade of large trees or grass. Weeds should be regularly removed, weeding the area where the seedling grows. Additional moisture, fertilization is necessary in the first years and in the dry season. It is necessary to constantly loosen the soil. In addition, it is important to prevent any diseases of the young sprout.

It is less resistant to powdery mildew, which can also damage a young tree. This fungal disease affects both the leaves and stems of the tree, and is carried by the spores of the fungus. To prevent this disease, it would be good to treat a young seedling with a solution of copper sulfate. And with a clear threat, a solution of fundalose and colloidal sulfur is used.

In conditions of excessive moisture, there is a place for mulching the near-trunk area with wood shavings or peat. The same actions are carried out for the winter period, for the frost resistance of the tree trunk. It is better to insulate young trees by treating them with garden pitch and additionally wrapping them with fabric materials. In addition, you should protect the oak from harmful insects. These can be oak barbel, moth, leaflet. For prophylaxis, solutions of decis and kenmix are used.

How quickly oak grows

Oak is a plant that develops slowly. You should not expect quick results and expect to collect acorns in a year or two.
The specified plant reaches the height of a medium-sized tree at the age of 9-10 years. In another ten years, the first fruits may appear. Although, as a rule, fruiting occurs at the age of 40-45 years. But even at this age, it is not worth waiting for acorns every season. Harvest occurs every 4 years. Although a sprout grown in a pot develops faster, such a tree will die faster. This is due to the incorrect development of the rhizome in a pot. Therefore, if you want to plant a century-old garden, it is better to grow an oak tree from an acorn.

How to plant an oak seedling in the garden and take care of it?

Mighty oak is a well-known deciduous tree, which is often used for landscaping parks and squares, creating picturesque alleys. Deserved popularity due to its vitality and undemanding care, a planted seedling is able to grow in one place for more than 300 years. How to plant an oak tree in the backyard? The tree has a powerful root system and a spreading crown, so it is difficult to grow it on a small plot of land. In this case, summer residents should pay attention to undersized, decorative varieties.

What an oak tree needs and where to plant it

Of all the variety of species, only holm oak stands out for its ability to grow in the shade.

In other characteristics, all oak giants or babies are similar:

  • Love sunlight
  • Prefer fertile soil
  • Drought tolerant
  • Love space
  • Prolonged stagnation of water at the roots is undesirable
  • Soil acidity should be close to neutral

Growth needs to be considered when choosing a planting site. The slow growth of an oak seedling should not mislead the gardener.

If a tree is comfortable in a new place, it will soon spread its powerful roots over long distances. And then the buildings, the paths will suffer great damage. Strong roots destroy the foundation of the house and buildings, paths and pools.


Oak seedlings for planting

This feature of the tree makes it necessary to plan planting away from any structures.

In the far corner of the garden, the oak will not disturb anyone, and under its canopy it is good to relax in a hammock in summer. And how happy the children will be if they are allowed to make their own nook on the branches.

Species with a wide domed crown give a lot of shade, so only shade-loving and hardy plants survive near such a tree.

If there is no place for a large oak on the site, but there is still a desire to grow it, then for this you need to choose an instance with a neat rounded or conical crown. Such a tree will be able to act not only as a soloist, but will also make a company with other deciduous plants.

Oak does not tolerate neighborhood with conifers. Spruce loves acidic soils and, showering needles around itself, creates comfortable conditions with its help. In such conditions, oak will not grow.

When planting varieties such as:

  • White Oak
  • Swamp oak

it is necessary to take into account their instability to spring frosts. Young shoots can be damaged even with small return frosts.

The right choice of location and the creation of comfortable conditions will ensure the rapid growth and development of the tree.

Selection of large-sized oak trees in the nursery

Most often, when landscaping and landscaping work, oaks are planted on the site as adults. The fact is that they grow for a very long time - their period is centuries. Therefore, it is more expedient to plant already formed plants.

Large breeds are selected in specialized nurseries. It is desirable that the conditions in which the tree grows are as close as possible to the conditions in which it will be after transplantation.

When planting pedunculate oak, the main criteria are:

  • the age and height of the large size. It depends on the requirements for landscaping results. So, in our nurseries there are both young oaks 1-2 m high, and mature trees, whose height exceeds 5-6 m;
  • appearance of the tree, arrangement of its branches. All oaks have a spreading, spherical crown, but each of them is unique. Large oaks may look more slender with an elongated trunk, or, on the contrary, more lush if the crown starts relatively low. In appearance, "structure" seedlings are selected in accordance with the requirements of a particular design project;
  • large-sized health. This aspect requires special attention. Oaks are prone to a range of diseases and it is therefore important to select healthy plants. There should be no darkening, deformed areas, foreign inclusions on the leaves. The trunk and branches should be strong, covered with not cracked, healthy-looking bark.

In good kennels, large-sized breeds are grafted and processed - this allows you to protect them not only from most diseases, but also from parasites.

Propagation methods, cultivation

Growing a favorite tree is not very difficult. There are several ways. Which one to choose depends on the species:

Buy a seedling from a garden center. This method is the easiest and fastest. This option is the only one when growing new varieties that are propagated by grafting.

Growing from an acorn harvested under an oak tree. If a gardener wants to trace the whole process of growing from an acorn to a tree, then he will definitely be interested in this way.

Germinated acorns for planting

Growing a seedling found in the forest. The method does not allow to observe the process of pecking a sprout from an acorn. But this disadvantage is compensated by the rapid growth of the tree and eliminates the risk of acorns rotting during storage.

Garden centers do not currently set themselves narrow goals. They sell fruit trees, flowers, and conifers. Deciduous trees purchased to decorate the estate are no exception.

Buying planting material in the garden center is the most uneconomical, but quickest way to become the owner of an oak tree.

Even faster will be delivered to the garden by a company selling large vehicles. In this case, an adult tree will decorate a corner of the garden a few days after the idea.

For the second method - growing from an acorn, planting material must be collected in the forest under an oak tree.

Harvest time is spring or autumn. During the autumn collection, it will be necessary to provide this “seed” with stratification at home. The temporary cooling of the seed for a month will replace the winter that it experiences under natural conditions under the snow.

In spring, one week after the snow melts, you can walk on acorns. At this time, they are already beginning to hatch. This method is good because:

  • No need to stratify
  • You can see which acorns are viable
  • Landing immediately after collection
  • There is no storage time and no need to puzzle over how to save seeds

Either method is good and depends on the choice of the gardener.

The best varieties of oak

About 600 varieties of this plant grow in northern latitudes, in temperate and tropical climates. In order to plant gardens, parks and city alleys, low-growing varieties of common (pedunculated) oak are used. These are Asplenifolia, Fastigiata, as well as Fastigiata Koster and Concordia. The main characteristic features of these varieties are:

  • height - from 15 to 30 meters;
  • crown - sprawling;
  • leaves - notched, dense, rich dark green hue.

The second most popular oak is red, or northern. It is called so due to the characteristic color of the leaves. In the spring, when blooming, they have a reddish tint, in the summer they are completely green, and in the fall they become red, crimson, even brown. The Aureus variety enjoys superiority.


Oak leaves

Proper planting

How to plant an oak tree? For planting oak, a hole must be prepared in advance. It is better to do this at least two weeks before planting. In order for the earth to settle, the pit must be watered abundantly several times.

Soil mixture prepared from:

  • Garden soil - 1 part
  • Humus - 2 parts
  • Oak leaf soil - 2 parts
  • Fertilizer type AVA 3-5 years duration - one handful
  • Sand - 1 part

This recipe will allow the tree to take root quickly and provide it with food for several years.

Planting the finished seedling from the pot in the open ground is done as soon as possible after purchase:

  1. The seedling in the pot is watered 2 hours before the intended planting. This procedure will help to remove it from the landing tank without damage.
  2. A 10 cm layer of drainage is placed at the bottom of the planting pit. It can be broken brick or just rubble.
  3. Planting hole filled with prepared soil

Together with a clod of earth from a pot, the seedling is transplanted into a hole. The soil level when planting in open ground remains the same as in a pot. After removing the plant from the pot, you can shake off the earth a little.

The soil around the roots is compacted with a fist or a wooden mortar. Soil trampling is not always controllable. In this process, you can overdo it a little and damage the delicate roots of the plant that provide it with nutrition.

It is better to plant seedlings from under oak immediately after digging. The pit is prepared similarly to the previous method.

Acorns collected in autumn, and preferably in spring, are planted at a depth of 5-7 cm.

All plantings must be watered daily. It is impossible to pour or dry tender sprouts. The soil should be slightly damp, but not wet.

Expert opinion

Yuliya Yuryevna

I have a large garden and garden, several greenhouses. I love modern methods of plant cultivation and soil mulching, I share my experience.

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Comments (26)

  • Artem

    07/28/2017 at 13:07 |
    I have long dreamed of planting and growing an oak tree myself. This tree has always inspired me. I was afraid that it would not work out on my own without the intervention of professionals. But I could. He grew a very good seedling from a cutting.

    Reply

    Julia Expert Plodogorod

    07/03/2019 at 19:18 |

    Hello, Artem! Yes, this plant also propagates by cuttings. But, rooting green cuttings is not always successful. The fact is that planting material, which is taken from adult trees, almost does not take root.

    Therefore, it is better to take shoots of annual or biennial trees. In the first case, the probability of rooting is about 80%. If the tree is two or even three years old, then the chances drop to about 50-60%.

    Oaks breed well with acorns if you decide to get another pet. An easier and faster way is to buy a young oak tree in a nursery, but this is quite expensive and not always convenient.

    If you decide to repeat the experience of cuttings, we recommend that you work in early June. If the mother plant is older, then it is better to take cuttings in May. To increase the chances, you can use heteroauxin.

    Reply

  • Vladimir

    08/30/2017 at 17:22 |

    Yeah…we also have an oak tree in our garden, planted by my grandfather! Very beautiful and massive tree, the decoration of our garden! He planted 3 oaks, but only one grew. He should have just read this article!

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    • Oak pruning

    Oak is a powerful tree, its main stem is constantly growing, dominating the growth of side shoots. Some types of oaks even form several trunks. To control the growth of the crown and the formation of the ground part of the tree, regular and timely pruning of the oak is provided. Our specialists perform sanitary, shaping and rejuvenating pruning. You can contact us by e-mail [email protected]

    Oak pruning is done to limit the growth of the crown and reduce the growth of the trunk. To limit the growth of the crown, wood processing is carried out every 2-3 years. Experts know how to reduce oak by pruning. This can be done by removing the apical bud and by pinching the shoot (removing the apex).

    The optimal time for pruning oak is the end of winter-beginning of spring, and the air temperature should not be below -5°C. You can prune an oak tree in summer, but with caution, removing a small number of branches. In order not to harm the plant, it is necessary to control not only how to properly cut the oak, but also how and with what to process the places of cuts.

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    How oak is cut

    When cutting shoots, the length of the cut off part should be determined taking into account the speed of their growth. Oak pruning, that is, shearing only growth along the crown, contributes to excessive thickening and branching. Removing the branches of the crown and part of the growth allows you to achieve some delicacy, while maintaining the natural shape of the crown.

    There are certain rules for pruning an oak tree so that it grows into a beautiful and strong tree:

    • young oaks are pruned to form a central leading shoot;
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    • only thin branches - up to 6 cm in diameter - should be pruned;
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    In general, mature oaks tolerate form pruning fairly well. The regularity of this procedure depends on the intensity of growth and the species of the tree. So, pruning of red oak, which is widespread in urban landscapes, is carried out at least once a year.


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