How to trim a southern magnolia tree


How and When To Prune a Southern Magnolia Tree

A tree that explodes in beautiful blossoms is a homeowner’s dream plant for their yard. Nothing draws attention to your home like a gorgeous tree in bloom. When you try to find the perfect one for your home, there’s a very good chance you’ll come upon the southern magnolia tree as one of your options for a tree that blooms like no other. The delicate white petals of a magnolia tree’s flowers are the perfect sign that spring has sprung, and you won’t regret adding one to your yard.

However, as with many trees, southern magnolias need proper care and attention to ensure they grow to be as incredibly breathtaking as possible. Pruning is a topic of tree ownership that many people struggle with. How much is too much? When should you start to prune your trees? How do you know that you’re helping and not hurting the tree? We want to make sure you can enjoy your magnolia tree well into the future. Here is how and when to prune a southern magnolia tree so you can do so with confidence that you’re doing the right thing.

Magnolia Growing Conditions

Before we can really start talking about the proper methods for pruning a magnolia tree, it’s important to know what kind of tree you’re working with. Magnolias aren’t the most difficult trees to grow, but they do require some attention and care to make sure that they grow strong and show off those flowers that you’re looking for. These factors will have a big impact on your magnolia tree’s growth.

Hardiness Zone

The United States are broken up into hardiness zones that help us determine where certain plants will grow the best. For southern magnolia trees, you want to stick in between Zone 7 and Zone 9. It is possible to grow a southern magnolia tree in Hardiness Zone 10 or even Zone 6b, but you may not get the same level of growth or blooming as you would in the recommended zones.

Light

When determining where to place your southern magnolia tree, you want to consider how much sunlight it will get throughout the day. Southern magnolia trees tend to do best when they have access to full sun, or even just light shade. The shade becomes more important if you happen to live somewhere where it gets excessively hot or dry. You’ll also want to keep it protected if you live somewhere with heavy wind as southern magnolias have relatively brittle branches and delicate flowers when they bloom.

Soil Concerns

When it comes to the right kind of soil for your southern magnolia, your top concern should be to make sure that the soil can drain well. Soil that holds onto water for too long isn’t good for any magnolia tree as it can waterlog and damage the roots. Moist soil will help a magnolia tree the most, and the best kind of soil for magnolia trees will also be slightly acidic.

Size

Southern magnolia trees can grow to significant sizes. You won’t have to worry about it taking over your entire yard, but it’s important to consider their growth when determining where to plant them. Give them a little bit of space to grow bigger and you’ll end up with a much more beautiful tree in the end, as the larger they get, the more blossoms they produce.

Pruning Your Southern Magnolia Tree

Knowing how and when to prune a southern magnolia tree can take time to perfect. Your location, climate, and variety can all affect the perfect time to start pruning. In general, there are a few rules of thumb you can rely on to make sure that you don’t overdo it and that your tree will blossom even more beautifully the following spring.

Necessary Tools

The nice thing about a southern magnolia tree is that pruning them doesn’t take much more than simple pruning tools that you can get anywhere. There’s no need for any fancy or advanced tools that might cost you a fortune. Your go-to tools for pruning your southern magnolia tree are standard pruning shears, or lopping shears if you think you’ll need them, and possibly even a handsaw if your tree has larger branches you need to prune. One important note about your tools: if you suspect that you’ll prune a diseased or dead limb, always make sure you sterilize the tools beforehand in either an alcohol or diluted bleach-based solution.

Where To Start

When you look at all the branches on your magnolia tree, the best place to start will probably become quite obvious to you fairly quickly. Any branch that’s dead should be taken off as soon as possible to protect the tree and make it look much nicer. If you notice that any branches are broken or look like they may be infected with something, you can safely remove those as well. Always shoot for a 45-degree angle cut as close to the base of the limb as possible. Leaving branch stubs can do more damage to the tree in the long run, similar to how tearing the tree’s bark can also cause more damage.

The Best Time To Prune Your Tree

For almost any southern magnolia variety, the best time to prune them is somewhere between late spring and summer. You definitely don’t want to start pruning until the flowers fall off the tree; otherwise, you won’t get the most out of those stunning blossoms! You don’t want to wait too long to start pruning though. The longer you wait, the more you risk your tree not having the same number of blossoms when next spring comes around. The only exception to these rules is if you notice branches that are already dead or dying. You should prune those limbs away right when you see them so they can’t spread anything to the rest of your tree.

For some of the best southern magnolia trees for sale online, you’ve already found yourself in the right place. Here at Plant Me Green, we take great pride in delivering spectacular, healthy trees of all kinds to our customers. Take a look at the huge selection of trees we have for sale, and you’re sure to find the tree that will perfectly complement the rest of your landscape.

Tags: Magnolia Trees

How To Plant, Prune & Fertilize A Southern Magnolia Tree

Planting & Caring For Southern Magnolias

When planted right and in the right spot, Southern Magnolia trees are exceptionally easy-to-grow in the ground or in containers.

Here's a breakdown of what you need to know...

Cultural Preferences


Soil Preferences

Southern Magnolias are easy to grow in moist but well-drained acidic to neutral soils of average fertility. Constantly soggy or wet soils can be problematic. So make sure to plant them in a well-drained site.

Testing Soil Drainage  

If you are uncertain about soil drainage in the area you intend to plant your Magnolia, it's well worth taking the time to test the drainage before planting. 

To test soil drainage, dig a hole 12" wide by 12" deep in the planting area. Fill the hole with water and let it drain. Then, after it drains, fill it with water again, but this time clock how long it takes to drain. In well-drained soil the water level will go down at a rate of about 1 inch an hour. A faster rate, such as in loose, sandy soil, may signal potentially dry site conditions and possibly a need to add organic matter to help retain moisture. A slower rate indicates poor draining soil and is a caution you need to improve drainage, plant in a raised mound or bed, or look for trees that are more tolerant of wet or boggy conditions.

Soil pH Preference

Southern Magnolia trees grow best in an acid to slightly alkaline soil ranging between 4. 5 to 7.5 on the pH scale. Most average garden soils fall between a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0. 

Testing Soil pH  

Soil pH is a measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of soil and is measured on a scale of 1-14, with 7 as the neutral mark. Any measurement below 7 indicates acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 indicates alkaline. If you're unsure about the pH of your soil, or whether or not it's suitable for growing Southern Magnolia, it's a good idea to test the soil pH in the planting area. 

You can quickly test soil pH with an inexpensive soil pH tester probe. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. To lower the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Adding organic compost to the soil or using compost as mulch can also help to increase acidity and maintain acid soil conditions. 

Learn More: What is Soil pH and How To Adjust It?

Light Preferences

Southern Magnolias grow best in full sun or part shade. Foliage will be more dense with more sun.

How To Plant A Southern Magnolia


Scroll down for container planting instructions

Step 1

Start by digging your planting hole at least two to three times as wide and no deeper than the root ball. The wider the hole the better. Place native soil removed from planting hole around the perimeter of the hole, in a wheel barrow, or on a tarp.

Step 2

Depending on the type, fertility and porosity of the soil in the planting area you might consider amending the native soil. When planting Southern Magnolias in dense clay or poor quality soil it is beneficial to thoroughly mix in some good organic matter such as composted cow manure, mushroom compost, sand, and/or a good planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the soil removed from the planting hole. When planting in very sandy or quick-draining soil consider mixing in some top soil, peat moss or compost to help with moisture retention. When planting in a moist but well-drained soil of good fertility there is no need for adding a soil amendment.

Step 3

To remove your Southern Magnolia from the container it was growing in first squeeze the sides of the container to loosen root ball. Then, firmly grasp the base of the trunk and try to gently lift and remove the root ball from the container. If the root ball is stuck in the container either use a snipping tool or utility knife to cut the container away. After having removed the plant from the container, very carefully loosen some feeder roots around the surface of the root ball.

Step 4

To plant, set your Magnolia in the planting hole so that the top edge of the root ball is at or slightly above ground level (1-inch or so) to allow for settling. If necessary, add some backfill soil mixture to the bottom of the hole to achieve proper planting height. 

NOTE:  If the soil in the planting area is poorly drained (constantly soggy or wet) improve soil drainage or select a different plant species more tolerant of wet soils.

Step 5

After setting your Magnolia tree in the planting hole, use one hand to hold the tree straight and your other hand to begin back-filling your soil mixture around the root ball, tamping as you go to remove air pockets. When you have filled the hole to the halfway point you can soak the soil. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the root ball. To avoid suffocating your plant, avoid placing any soil on top of the root ball.

Step 6 (Optional)

When planting your Magnolia tree in a site site far away from a water source you can use remaining soil mixture to build a 4-5 inch high water retaining berm (catch basin / doughnut) around the outside perimeter of the planting hole. This basin will help to collect water from rainfall and irrigation often reducing the need for hand-watering. The berm can be removed after a year or so or when the tree has established itself.

Step 7 

Next, deeply water the planting area, including the root ball, to a depth equal to the height of the root ball. For an extra boost, you can water your newly planted Magnolia tree with a solution of Root Stimulator, which stimulates early root formation and stronger root development. Root Stimulator reduces plant shock and promotes greener, more vigorous plants.

Step 8

To help conserve moisture and suppress weed growth, spread a 1- to 2-inch layer of shredded or chipped wood mulch or a 3- to 4-inch layer of pine straw around the planting area. As the mulch decomposes it will add vital nutrients to the soil that your plant will appreciate. Avoid the use of freshly chipped or shredded wood for mulch until it has cured in a pile for at least 6 months, a year is better. Avoid placing or piling mulch directly against the base of your plant as this could cause the bark to rot.

How To Plant A Magnolia Tree In A Container 


With the exception of Dwarf Southern Magnolias, such as Little Gem, most varieties of Southern Magnolias are not suitable for growing in containers over the long term...they simply grow too large. That said, they grow well in containers and eventually can be transplanted to the landscape. 

Magnolia growing in pots appreciate a moist but well-drained soil. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Therefore, I strongly suggest planting in a container that has a drainage hole(s) and using a quality potting soil. To ensure good drainage you can add 10 to 20% perlite or pumice to the soil mixture. 

Make sure to choose a container with drainage holes at the bottom and one that is large enough to allow for 2 to 3 years of growth before shifting up to a larger size container. This might mean your planting pot would be 8 inches or more in rim diameter than the root ball of your tree. 

Note: Keep in mind the wind. When planting taller growing trees in containers, wind is always a factor. Choose a pot with a low profile and make sure to place your container where it will not be exposed to high winds. 

Container color will matter as well. Not only will you want to pick a color of container that goes well with the flower and foliage color of your Magnolia tree, you'll also want to pick a container that matches the style of your home or other structures and other plants in the surrounding environment.  

Many nursery & garden centers offer a wide variety of containers to choose from. Before heading out to buy a container take pictures of your home and the surrounding environment. Doing so will help you to choose just the right color and style.

Container Planting Instructions

Step 1

Before filling your container with the soil mix, we recommend lining the bottom with shade cloth or a porous landscape fabric. This will keep the drain holes from becoming stopped up with soil. If you place gravel or other materials in the bottom of the container lay the fabric over it. 

Step 2

To remove your Southern Magnolia from the container it was growing in first squeeze the sides of the container to loosen root ball. Then, firmly grasp the base of the trunk and try to gently lift and remove the root ball from the container. If the root ball is stuck in the container either use a snipping tool or utility knife to cut the container away. After having removed the plant from the container, very carefully loosen some feeder roots around the surface of the root ball.

Step 3

Pour a small amount of your soil mixture in the bottom of the container. Set the tree in the container and make necessary adjustments by adding or removing some soil so that the top edge of the root ball will sit 1" below the rim of the container.

Step 4

Backfill with your potting soil around root ball, tamping as you go, until the level of potting soil is even with the top edge of root ball.

Step 5

Water thoroughly until water starts to drain from the holes in the bottom of the container. Add more potting mix if settling occurs during watering.

Step 6 (Optional)

Apply a 1/2" layer of wood chips, stone mulch or sphagnum moss to soil surface for decorative purposes and to help conserve moisture.

How To Grow and Care For Southern Magnolia


Feeding - Watering - Pruning

How To Fertilize A Magnolia Tree



Southern Magnolia are light feeders, however will benefit from fertilization. Feed in spring with a slow-release shrub & tree food, preferably one that contains Sulfur and/or Iron for deep greening of foliage. Alternatively, you can feed with a natural organic plant food. To avoid stimulating new growth that could be damaged by an early frost, cease fertilization two months prior to the average first frost date in your area. 

In Containers

Feed Magnolia trees growing in containers as directed on the product label with a slow-release granular or water soluble fertilizer listed for use in containers. 

Soil pH

Southern Magnolias grow best in an acid to slightly acid soil ranging between 4.5 to 7.5 on the pH scale. Most average garden soils fall between a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.

Testing Soil pH  

Soil pH is a measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of soil and is measured on a scale of 1-14, with 7 as the neutral mark. Any measurement below 7 indicates acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 indicates alkaline. If you're unsure about the pH of your soil, or whether or not it's suitable for growing Southern Magnolia, it's a good idea to test the soil pH in the planting area. You can quickly test soil pH with an inexpensive soil pH tester probe. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. To lower the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Adding organic compost to the soil or using compost as mulch can also help to increase acidity and maintain acid soil conditions. 

Learn More: What is Soil pH and How To Adjust It?

How To Water A Magnolia Tree



Southern Magnolias like a moist but well-drained soil while establishing themselves, however are very drought tolerant when established. As with so many other ornamental plants, constantly soggy or wet soil conditions can be problematic. 

Tip:  When watering with an automated irrigation system it's best to set your timer to water during the early morning hours and not in the late evening or at night, which can lead to the onset of fungus and other foliar diseases. During the first few weeks after planting, check soil moisture often and adjust irrigation time if necessary to keep the soil moist, not wet.  

At Planting Time 

Immediately after planting deep soak the soil in the planting area, including the root ball, to a depth equal to the height of the root ball. For an extra boost, you can water your newly planted Magnolia with a solution of Root Stimulator, which stimulates early root formation and stronger root development. Root Stimulator reduces plant shock and promotes greener, more vigorous plants. 

During the First Active Growth Season

In average garden soil you should not have to water your newly planted Magnolia every day. More often than not, this causes soggy soil conditions that can lead to root rot and other plant diseases. In the absence of sufficient rainfall, water only as needed to keep the root ball and surrounding soil damp to moist. 

Keep in mind that deep soaking less frequently is much better than splashing just a little water on the plants every day. Shrubs planted during the winter dormant season, when plants are not actively growing and evaporation is much slower, will require much less water. So, be extra careful not to overwater during winter!

Thereafter

When established, Magnolia are quite drought tolerant. That said, if you see wilting new leaves or new stems wilting or bending over during a drought this could be an indicator your trees could use a good deep soaking.

How To Prune A Magnolia Tree



Southern Magnolias do not require pruning except to remove a damaged or broken branch, or a stray branch that is spoiling the form of the tree. That said, they can be pruned to form a more dense tree or for espalier (trained to grow flat against a wall). 

When to Prune

The time to prune a Magnolia is after they bloom or during the summer. Pruning them in midsummer will give them time to heal before winter.

How To Prune

Prune a Southern Magnolia only when necessary, since they can bleed from pruning wounds. Magnolias can be slow to heal and not make new growth until the second season after pruning, so avoid large cuts into old wood if possible.  

When pruning your Southern Magnolia, remove the entire twig or limb down to its base. Don't leave a stub that can produce weak stem suckers and make it easier for pests and diseases to attack the tree. Don't paint or tar pruning cuts because it interferes with the plant's own wound defense system. 

The only tool you will need for the task is a sharp pair of bypass hand pruners for branches less than 1 inch in diameter, or a lopper pruner for branches up to 1 and 1/2 inch, or a pruning saw for the largest branches. Make sure blades are sharp to leave smooth cuts that heal faster and reduce disease problems.  

Note: If you're pruning to remove a diseased branch, sterilize the pruning tools by dipping them into undiluted alcohol or a solution of 10 percent bleach.

Plant Long & Prosper!

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When to prune magnolia | Horticulture

Magnolia or magnolia is a tree that grows mainly in Asia, in the spring it produces large and very showy flowers. This is a plant that we really like to grow in gardens, not only because of its beauty, but also because it is easy to grow. And this is not to mention the fact that over time it gives a good shade.

But if we want it to be perfect, we must provide a series of services, so if you don't know when to prune magnolia In this article, we will detail everything you need to know about this important gardening job.

Magnolia is a tree that grows naturally in Southeast Asia, Eastern USA, Mexico and South America. The vast majority of species are deciduous, but there are also evergreen species, for example Magnolia grandiflora .

Its growth rate is rather slow. , although it can be sped up a little if organic fertilizer is applied regularly during spring and summer if you live in an area with a mild climate, or with a special climate. acid plants in case of very hot weather (maximum temperature above 30ºC).

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Index

  • 1 When to prune magnolia?
  • 2 How to prune magnolia?
    • 2.1 Tools to use

When to prune magnolia?

Speaking of pruning, should be done in early autumn (September and October in the northern hemisphere), as this plant usually heals slowly. This also means that you should avoid cutting branches harshly, as otherwise the tree will weaken and become a victim of pests and/or diseases.

Pruning is a job that needs to be done regularly when trees and shrubs are growing, but it is very important to know the cycles of each and above all we must respect the plants. It is true that in a natural habitat, such as a forest, the wind or the animals themselves break the branches, but if lightning strikes them, they will cause great damage.

With all this, and in the specific case of magnolia, we will prune it only if necessary and never in the middle of the growing season , which lasts from spring to the end of summer.

How to prune a magnolia?

To prune it, we will do the following: make small cuts every time so that it can heal quickly, and also remove dry, weak or diseased branches.

Only if needed, the glass will become transparent by removing those branches that intersect and do not allow the sun to penetrate well into all parts of the glass. But, after trimming, you must apply healing paste , so that the plant does not lose juice and, by the way, fungi could hit it, especially if thick branches were cut, 1.5, 2 or more centimeters.

When in doubt, it is always better not to prune, because doing it wrong can lead to the loss of our magnolia.

Tools for use

The following tools for pruning can be used:

  • Secateurs , for young branches and therefore one centimeter thick.
  • Regular scissors , whether for kitchen or craft, for branches less than one centimeter.
  • hand saw , for branches two centimeters thick or more.

They must be disinfected before and after use. with a disinfectant such as dishwashing detergent. Keep in mind that viruses, bacteria and fungi are not visible, but this does not mean that they are not there.

If you use a pruning tool that has, for example, a few fungal spores stuck to it, this is the tool that will infect the plant.

La magnolia This is a beautiful tree that doesn't really need much pruning other than removing some branches that might be broken or diseased. But, when you play, you must do it wisely, that is, with common sense, so that we can enjoy its beauty for years.


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How to take care of a magnolia bush in the open field of central Russia

One of the most beautiful trees is the beautiful magnolia, belonging to the magnolia family. Anyone who has seen her unusual flowering at least once will never be able to forget this moment. Particularly impressive appearing luxurious inflorescences on bare branches, without a single leaf.

The magnolia tree is a miracle

flowers look like a butterfly

First of all, because blooms incredibly beautiful bright large flowers similar to exotic butterflies . At that moment, when many plants have not yet had time to release leaves, the beauty already pleases those around her with her flowering.

She starts producing her first flowers in April, and they fill gardens and parks with their vanilla scent.

Prefers to grow in southern regions where warm climate prevails. Magnolia flower, which is endowed with the brightest colors, does not allow you to tear off the eyes of all tourists.

Some people who dream of seeing how it blooms go on vacation not in the warm summer, but in the middle of spring, when it is still quite cool and the sun is just starting to warm everything around.

Legends and myths

It was brought to Europe from mysterious China.

According to one of the Chinese legends, the beautiful flowers that bloom on the tree are young beauties who once lived in a village. When it was destroyed by enemies, and only one girl managed to escape death. It was she who asked the mother earth so that the dead girls could live on.

In the morning, when the invaders saw a tree that suddenly appeared, they decided to get rid of it. Having cut it down, they split it into the smallest chips and scattered it around, only in those places where the chips fell, young sprouts appeared, which were called magnolias.

If you dream of seeing this amazing flower, then this can be done not only in the southern regions and warm countries, because the growing magnolia in Belarus also produces beautiful flowers.

To do this, you just need to visit the Minsk Botanical Garden, where the first garden of these beautiful trees was laid a couple of years ago.

What you should know about magnolia

There are about 70 varieties of plants in this family. The shape of the crown can be either spherical or wide pyramidal. Depending on the height, the height of the tree also changes. Some of the representatives can grow up to 20 meters, but basically their height varies from 5 to 8 meters.

  • On the shoots there are pronounced scars that remain from the foliage, as well as traces of stipules, expressed in narrow annular scars.
  • Entire, leathery, obovate or elliptical leaves slightly pubescent on the underside. Painted in emerald green with feathery veins.
  • The circumference of the flowers varies from 6 to 35 cm. There are white, pale cream, pinkish, red-scarlet, lilac or maroon-purple flowers, consisting of 8-12 petals, which are arranged on top of each other.
  • Depending on the cultivar, magnolia produces its first buds in early spring or early summer. Not only flowers delight with their sweet aroma, but buds also allow you to enjoy a light, delicate scent.
  • After flowering ends, you can see unusual cone-shaped fruits that adorn the branches from late August until winter.

At least once you see this, you will surely want to have a charmer growing in your garden. It looks great both in a single landing and next to coniferous evergreen bushes.

Flowering process

After planting, if the conditions for growth and development are favorable, most trees begin to bloom only after about 8-10 years.

A variety of colors and fragrances will allow you to choose the most suitable variety for you. Some of the representatives release buds only after leaves appear on them, while others first release and bloom their chic buds, and only then do the leaves open on the branches.

But regardless of which variety you choose, by planting this beauty in your garden, you will become the owner of a unique plant.

After flowering is over, petals begin to fall off from each flower, which slowly descend to the ground. "Magnolia rain" is what gardeners call this process.

But even such beauty has its drawbacks. You don't need to sleep near her! The fact is that the aroma emanating from flowers often turns out to be very strong, and if you inhale it for a long time, then a headache may soon appear.

Types of magnolias

There are many types of magnolias, of which, by crossing one with another, an even greater number of varieties of unusual appearance and colors have appeared. Consider the main "basic" and hybrid varieties popular among lovers of horticultural exotics.

  • Magnolia stellata

Proper planting and care of the Magnolia stellata flower. After this variety begins to bloom, the entire territory surrounding it is filled with an unforgettable aroma. In March, the first flowers begin to bloom, after which leaves saturated with emerald green appear. Closer to autumn, they become brownish-bronze. Stellata stands out for its extra decorative characteristics due to the unusual coloring of the autumn foliage.

  • Siebold

This species is considered the most frost-resistant, because it is able to withstand frosts reaching up to 36 degrees. The height of this shrub reaches only 4 meters, and its branches are covered with elongated leaves, among which snow-white flowers can be seen. Flowering begins after leaves appear on the branches. Magnolia Siebold is grown throughout Russia, and in special large tubs, which can always be brought in if necessary, are cultivated even in the Urals and Siberia.
  • Magnolia Kobus

Proper planting and care brings stunning results for an ornamental variety. It begins to bloom in mid-spring, releasing fragrant white unforgettable flowers. Magnolia is an evergreen with the onset of summer turns its foliage into a rich green color, and as soon as autumn comes, it turns yellow-brown.

  • Magnolia liliiflora

This variety originates in China and is cultivated throughout Europe.

Considered a two-color variety . The outer side of the petals is crimson red, while the inner side is snow-white or white-pink.

Flashing blooms begin in early spring and last for several wonderful weeks filled with an airy fragrance from the buds.

  • Black Magnolia Nigra

Belongs to the lily-colored species. The flowers are ruby-colored on the outside of the stone, but their inner part is white-lilac. Because of this combination of colors it looks almost black . You can see these unusual beautiful flowers in the 30th days of April or in the early days of May.

  • Magnolia Susan planting and care

A hybrid of star and lily varieties. Susan is the most sought after species among exotic lovers.

Large 15 cm lily-shaped inflorescences at the base are rich pink-crimson, and towards the tips are lighter, as if luminous.

During the long and lush flowering, which begins at the end of May, less often in June, you can enjoy a pleasant unobtrusive aroma.

  • Sulange tulip magnolia

Planting and care is the same. The shape of the flowers of this variety can be both goblet-shaped and tulip-shaped. The tulip-shaped variety begins to bloom before the first leaves appear on it. After the fragrant flowering is completed and the last petal falls from the plant, it continues to be decorated with decorative dark green obovate leaves.

  • Ash Magnolia

Magnolia ashei. The leaves, which are 70 cm long and 30 cm wide, are painted green. Their lower part is silver-gray and slightly pubescent. First, leaves appear on the tree, and only then, in the last days of the spring month of May or, somewhere in the beginning of June, gradual flowering begins. Creamy white flowers with a light citrus jasmine fragrance , have a circumference of about 20-30 cm.0003 Magnolia soulangeana Genie. The result of crossing Nigra lily-colored and tulip-shaped Sulangi. Beauty planting and care in the open field, which will not take you much effort, produces unforgettable ruby ​​red petals. The tulip-like flowers begin to open in late April and the first days of May before the leaves appear. This variety is one of the hardiest (among dark magnolias) and is able to withstand up to 30 degrees below zero. After the first wave of flowering, lasting about a few weeks, has ended, you can enjoy the second stage, which will begin in late summer.

  • Willowleaf

Very rare specimen for wide access. Finding this variety in stores will not be easy. The height reaches 10 meters, the shape is pyramidal. The bark is smooth silvery. Fragrant flowers about 8 cm in circumference.

  • Kuvenskaya

A hybrid of a willow-leaved variety and Kobus. It is decorated with 10 cm bell-shaped snow-white flowers, from which a delicate aroma emanates.

Flowering begins in May before leaves appear on the tree. A fast growing variety that can handle light frosts.

it seems that not only from the flowers, but also from the foliage and branches, there is a subtle, barely perceptible anise scent.

  • Pointy

It is a rather large tree, decorated with pointed twenty-centimeter leaves. The petals are yellow-green in color and bloom only after foliage has appeared on the branches. The crown is pyramidal in shape, smoothly turning into a spherical one. The height of this variety can reach up to 24 meters.

Variety Sulange in the Crimea Yalta video:

Magnolia planting and care in the open field

As already mentioned, the tree prefers to grow in cities and countries where a warm and humid climate prevails.

When deciding to decorate your garden with this pattern, make sure that it will develop comfortably in your area.

  • A sunny place is suitable for landing, where there are no north and east winds and drafts.
  • It is also worth considering that the bush should not be placed near large trees, as a solid shadow is harmful to it.
  • A little shade is allowed if planted in the southern region.

Some of the varieties, which include lebnera, cobus, star magnolia and some other varieties will do well in open areas.

But the same cannot be said for capricious ornamental varieties such as Siebold, Sulange or, for example, Chinese magnolia, because they need places where constant and bright sunlight does not fall.

What kind of soil should be

Gardeners wondering how to plant magnolia should first find out what kind of soil it prefers to grow in.

It will do well in slightly acidic fertilized soil.

To prepare the mixture you will need:

  1. 2 parts of soddy soil
  2. 1 share of peat
  3. 1 share of compost

The soil in which the tree will be planted must be drained, not forgetting to loosen it. In the event that the area where the bush is planted contains too dense earth, be sure to add sand to it.

In addition, if it is possible to add rotted horse manure to the ground, it will also not be superfluous.

What you should pay attention to when planting

When planting magnolia in the suburbs, planting and care should be borne in mind that it is not too complicated, but still requires some attention.

  • The first thing you should pay attention to is the root system of the seedling, since the hole where the bush will be planted should be 3 times larger than the roots.
  • Also consider the fragility of the roots, which can be easily damaged if you tamp the ground hard after planting.
  • Do not forget to cover the trunk circle with the bark of coniferous trees, which will keep moisture in the soil.
  • When buying seedlings, one should give preference to meter-sized specimens, on the stems of which there are 1-2 buds.
  • The root system must be closed so that it does not dry out. Those roots that are stored in a container can be planted at any time of the year except winter.
When the seedlings are planted

Magnolia planting in autumn is the most favorable time. The middle and end of October are most suitable for this procedure, because at this time the seedlings are at rest. If you plant in the fall, then almost all seedlings will take root. If you decide to plant in the spring, then this should be done in April. But at the same time, do not forget to take into account that even slight frosts will harm the future tree.

Proper watering

Watering is an equally important process that deserves attention.

Young trees less than 3 years old need careful watering more than others. Water them often and plentifully.

If the weather is dry, do not let the soil dry out, this can be prevented by using the mulch method.

Preferably mulch:

  1. peat
  2. sand
  3. spruce branches

What will help keep moisture in the soil. In addition, thanks to mulching, you can protect the root system from frost in severe winters.

How to fertilize and feed

Advice! After planting, the magnolia should not be fertilized for the first few years, but after three years, start feeding. It is worth fertilizing from the first days of spring until the very autumn.

tree fertilizer

To do this, you can buy mineral fertilizers and use them according to the instructions.

You can also make your own top dressing using 20g ammonium nitrate, 15g urea and 1kg mullein. All this must be diluted in 10 liters of water.

Remember that one bush needs about 40 liters of water. It is necessary to fertilize once a month, using prepared top dressing instead of the usual liquid for watering.

Sometimes it happens that the magnolia shrub begins to dry out ahead of time, but behind this lies a real threat. The fact is that there may be a sufficient amount of fertilizers in the ground and additional feeding has led to their excess. To avoid death, be sure to stop fertilizing and water it a little more.

Magnolia care and cultivation: transplanting

Magnolia prefers to grow all its life in the place where it was originally planted, but only sometimes there are situations when it needs to be urgently transplanted. To do this, you need to find a site that suits her according to all criteria.

  • Be sure to water the surrounding area well before digging up the bush.
  • It is also worth considering that the earthen clod that remains on the root system depends on how well the planting specimen will take root in a new place.
  • Move the plant with oilcloth or plywood.
  • You need to transplant, observing all the rules, as well as when planting.
  • The first thing to do is to dig a hole, lay drainage, sand, do not forget about fertile soil, and only then you need to install a tree and fill the hole with earth.
  • Compact the soil a little, but do not use force, so as not to damage the root system.

Plant pruning

Magnolia tree or shrub, if you decide to plant it, you should remember that it is not necessary to cut branches to form a crown. Also remember that pruning is not done in the spring, as at this time of the year sap will begin to stand out from the cuts, which can lead to the death of the tree.

After waiting for the magnolia to bloom, carry out a sanitary pruning. Frozen branches, wilted flowers, dry shoots are removed from the shrub. Those stems that are frozen must be removed to a healthy area. Do not forget to process the cuts using a garden var for this.

How it tolerates wintering

Magnolia cultivation in central Russia is carried out almost the same as in other regions. Be sure to cover the bush, even if it is frost-resistant. Spring frosts kill the buds, so future flowering will not occur at all.

Burlap is best for hiding. It is necessary to wrap in several layers, without injuring the branches. The trunk circle is also wrapped in mulch, only this is carried out a little later, when the ground is slightly frozen. In the event that you rush to do this a little earlier, then there is a risk that mice will start in it.

Now that you know how to cover the magnolia for the winter, you can be sure that no frosts will be terrible for her if you follow the wintering rules.

Parasites and diseases

For many years it was believed that these representatives of the magnolia family were not disturbed by pests and diseases, but there are still problems that can be encountered when growing shrubs.

  • If yellow spots appeared on the leaves, and their veins remained green, then this means that the plant was attacked by chlorosis. This is an indicator that the soil contains a lot of lime, in which the roots cannot grow, which leads to their death. Adding acidic peat or coniferous soil to the soil will correct the situation. Special ready-made products will also help regulate acidity.
  • An excess of nutrients is also harmful, as it will slow down the development and growth of the shrub. You can find out about such a problem by the drying edges of the leaves in the last days of July. To remedy the situation, you need to stop feeding and start watering the bush a little more.

If we talk about parasites, then rose thrips, mealybug and peach aphid cause harm. With the onset of drought, a spider or transparent mite can attack a tree. They suck the juices out of it, and this is detrimental to the shrub, because the foliage begins to crumble ahead of time. In addition, this may lead to the fact that the tulip tree will not please you with its flowering next year. Aktellik's solution or another similar remedy will help save the situation.

With the onset of cold weather, rodents that feed on roots and root collars can attack. Finding out about such a problem is not easy, because for this you need to remove the top layer of soil. In order to get rid of pests, use a 1% solution of Fundazol.

To avoid problems later on, you only need to cover the trunk circle after the ground has frozen.

Propagation methods

There are three different ways to propagate magnolia.

Seed propagation

Seedlings that were collected on the territory of Ukraine or Vladivostok will best take root in central Russia, and grown seedlings will endure frosty days much better. Those seeds that are collected in the southern regions of acclimatization in the north are bad.

  • Seedlings are not stored, so magnolia from seeds is grown at home immediately after they are collected in the autumn.
  • Be sure to damage the seed coat a little as it is too dense.
  • Once you have completed this procedure, get rid of the oily layer by washing them in soapy water and rinsing them in clean water. After all the necessary actions are completed, start sowing.
  • You will need seedling boxes filled with all-purpose substrate, where seeds are sown to a depth of about 3 cm.
  • Take them to a dark, cool room where they will be stored until early spring.
  • After the spring days come, you need to put the seedlings on the windowsill, not forgetting to periodically moisten the soil.

It will take about a year before the seedlings reach 45 cm. Magnolia tree description, which says that it should be dived after only a year. It is worth replanting in light soil, which contains peat. Remember the most favorable time for picking is autumn.

Cuttings as a method of propagation

Propagation by cuttings

For this purpose, you will need young shrubs that are no more than 2 years old, as they grow faster than older trees.

Choose the shoot that is the lowest. Without separating it from the plant, lay it in a prepared hole and cover it with earth. In order for it to surely take root, it is necessary to pinch the layers.

A year later, roots should appear on them, which is a sign of readiness for layering, which means that they can be separated from the main shoot and planted in a container where it will grow until the period is right to plant it in open ground.

Cutting

This method is only used if you have a heated greenhouse. If these conditions are not present, then the stalk will not take root. The most suitable time period for cuttings is mid-late June.

Why magnolia does not bloom for a long time after planting

  • Freezing.

The formation of buds, which begin flowering the next year, takes place in late summer and early autumn. This means that if the buds freeze, then flowering will not begin.

  • Growing from seed.

You can become the owner of a flowering plant only a few years after planting. The first flowering comes from which variety you chose. It is worth choosing seedlings that have been propagated by grafting. They begin to bloom 2-4 years after planting. In the event that the bush has grown, but flowering has not begun, this means that you have acquired a tree grown from seeds. Such an instance will delight you with its flowers after 10 years.

  • Improper maintenance.

Prefers to grow in sheltered sunny areas. It is also necessary to apply fertilizers in a timely manner, which will help the buds to tie. Abundant watering is equally important for active growth and development. Dry autumn can cause insufficient moisture intake by the kidneys.

Use in landscape design

Magnolia is an unusual and beautiful tree, the flowering of which begins quite early and unexpectedly even for its owners. With its beauty, it adorns parks, alleys and other public recreation areas. But only its flowering begins very early, so only owners of the most beautiful shrubs can enjoy fragrant exotic flowers.

Will do well in group plantings next to other plants that need similar care and growing conditions. There are varieties that develop well in slightly shaded areas. This is the reason that astilbe, green fern, ornamental leafy hosta and some evergreen conifers that cover the ground can be safely located next to the bushes. The magnolia tree in Sochi on the Crimean peninsula feels good even in frequent estates without special care, since the soil is almost always wet and will not dry out.


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