How to water indoor palm trees
How to Care for Your Indoor Palm Tree
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Nothing screams "tropical houseplant" quite like Palm Tree. Learn how to care for your indoor Palm Tree (yes, you need to do your best to keep this plant alive because it's pretty pricey).
Palm Tree or Arecaceae is one of the most popular indoor plants if you want to bring a lush, tropical look to your home. Aside from its attractive look, which can complement any decor, it can also grow in low-light spaces, it's low maintenance, and tough to kill. I guess the only con of this plant is some of its types are pretty pricey, so if you're planning to get one, you need to do your best to keep this plant alive.
Fun Fact: Palm Tree has been a popular houseplant since the Victorian era because of its versatility to adapt to indoor conditions.
CREDIT: ALONDA BAIRD / THE SPRUCE
One of the best indoor Palm Tree types is the Areca palm or also known as bamboo plants, which originated in Madagascar. It can grow from 6-8 feet, and it prefers a warm climate. There are about more than 2,600 species of Palm Trees today, with each variety having different care requirements. However, in general, indoor Palm Tree prefers bright, indirect light, a humid environment, and needs to be watered up to once or twice a week.
|Common Name||Palm Tree|
|Plant Size||Indoors: 6-8 feet, Natural Habitat: 80-100 feet|
|Types of Palm Plants||Areca Palm, Bamboo Palm, Canary Island Date Palm, Cascade Palm, Chinese Fan Palm, European Fan Palm, Fishtail Palm, Kentia Palm, Lady Palm, Majesty Palm, Parlor Palm, Ponytail Palm, Pygmy Date Palm, Sago Palm, and Yucca Palm|
|Sunlight||Palm Tree prefers bright filtered light, but it can also thrive in low light areas.|
|Water||A new indoor Palm Tree should be watered every day in its first week. Next, move to every other day in its second week. Then settle for 3 times a week on the third. Once your indoor Palm Tree is completely settled, water it 2-3 times per week, or when the top 1-2 inches of the soil is completely dry.|
|Humidity||Your indoor Palm Tree will thrive in average household humidity, but it's best if you mist it often, place it near a humidifier, or use a pebble tray.|
|Temperature||It prefers average room temperatures between 60–80°F.|
|Toxicity||Some Palm Tree types are toxic to humans and pets.|
|Food||Feed your indoor Palm Tree regularly during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer.|
|Pests and Problems||Indoor Palm Trees are prone to common bugs like mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. To eliminate these insects, use an insecticidal soap with warm water. Also, your indoor Palm Tree is prone to potassium deficiency. Treat it with a controlled-release potassium supplement.|
|Omysa Plant Care Tip||Mist your indoor Palm Tree a few times a week to promote growth and prevent pest infestations.|
CREDIT: ALONDA BAIRD / THE SPRUCE
Indoor Palm Plant Care Tips
To keep your indoor Palm Tree alive and healthy, you need to do proper research because each type requires different care. Some plants prefer shade and a more humid, darker environment. Some plants may need fertilizer. Also, it's best to place your indoor Palm Tree in a spot where there's not too much traffic brushing against or pulling on the fronds because this will weaken the plant. Keep in mind that you can never top-trim a Palm Tree because it will die.
Here's everything else you need to know on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree, from sunlight requirement to common problems and its solutions.
First, on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to place it in a spot where it can receive bright, indirect light. However, it can also tolerate low-light conditions, especially during the winter. Do not place your indoor Palm Tree under direct sunlight because too much direct light can kill your plant.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning yellow, this means it’s not receiving the right amount of light.
Solution: Yes, your indoor Palm Tree can tolerate less light, but if the area is too dark, it will stop growing, and leaves will start to turn yellow since there's not enough light to support photosynthesis. It's best if you can put it in an area where it can get medium to bright, indirect light.
Next on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to water it when the top 1-2 inches of the soil is completely dry. Usually, this could be 2-3 times per week. Also, keep in mind that good drainage is important for your indoor Palm Tree. Never let your plant's root ball sit in water since this could lead to its death.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning brown or yellow, this means inconsistent watering or unfiltered tap water.
Solution: Inconsistent watering can create stress for your indoor Palm Tree, especially if the soil is bone dry. It's best if you can create a watering schedule. Also, check if the soil feels dry. If it is, then water your plant accordingly.
Another cause could be the quality of the water you're using. Tap water is not suitable for plants because it contains salts, chlorine, minerals, and fluoride, which causes the tips of the leaves to burn, curl up, and turn brown. Filter the water by either using a water filtration system or by leaving the water in an open container overnight.
Humidity & Temperature
Adding to our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to place it in a spot with normal room temperatures between 60–80°F. Your indoor Palm Tree can thrive amazingly well in average humidity, but it's recommended to mist it often, place it near a humidifier, or use a pebble tray to prevent insect infestations.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning yellow, this means that the area has low humidity, and the plant's soil is completely dry.
Solution: If possible, get a humidifier for your plant. This is the best solution and also recommended by experts. Regular misting a few times a week will also do the job. Avoid cold drafts, air conditioning vents, doors, and sudden temperature changes to keep your indoor Palm Tree happy and healthy.
Some Palm Tree types are toxic to humans and pets.
Another on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to feed it with a water-soluble fertilizer regularly during the growing season. Also, give your plant extra potassium and manganese since Palm plants are prone to potassium deficiency. The main sign that your plant has this disease when its fronds are turning brown or yellow.
Common Problem: When the leaves are turning brown, this could be due to excessive fertilizing.
Solution: Fertilizer burn or plant burn is the result of applying too much fertilizer to your indoor Palm Tree. Fertilizer contains salts, which draw moisture out of plants. Remember, anything too much is bad for your plant. To avoid plant burn, it’s best to follow the recommended amount of fertilizer and schedule.
Pests & Other Problems
Your indoor Palm Tree is prone to common bugs like mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. To eliminate these insects, use an insecticidal soap.
That's a wrap on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree. Again, each type requires different care, so it's important to check the plant's label. However, in general, if you have a Palm plant in your home, this guide could give you an idea regarding how to keep it alive and healthy.
Grow your plant knowledge. Check out our Plant Care blog to learn more about different houseplants and tips on how to keep your plants alive and healthy.
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The Ultimate Palm Plant Care Guide
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Nothing screams “tropical indoor plant” quite like palm plants. There are lots of different types of palm houseplants, but don’t worry. Keeping these elegant plants thriving is easy with this detailed indoor palm plant care guide.
Palm plants are fun to collect, and pretty darn easy to care for. Plus there are lots of benefits of growing them indoors.
If you want to create an indoor jungle, then you’ll definitely need to add a few of these beauties to your collection.
So, in this indoor palm plant care guide, I’m going to show you everything you need in order to be successful.
From watering, lighting and fertilizing, to soil, pest control and pruning, you’ll find it all right here!
Table of Contents
Growing palm plants and trees indoors is very popular these days, and they make excellent houseplants. There are lots of benefits of having them in your home too, as well as tons of different varieties to choose from.
Benefits Of Growing Tropical Indoor Palms
Palms make excellent houseplants because they are very tolerant of neglect, but they will grow their best when given the proper indoor palm plant care.
These easy care indoor plants are perfect for most homeowners because they don’t like a lot of light, and will easily adapt to growing indoors.
Plus, palm plants help to clean the air in our homes, which is another wonderful benefit of growing tropical indoor palms.
Palm plants can live for many years when they’re cared for properly, and some palm varieties can grow into huge palm trees in containers indoors.
You can even move your palm plant outside (in a shady spot) during the summer to give it a boost if you want.Ponytail palm plants outside for the summer
Different Types Of Palm Houseplants
Like I mentioned above, there are tons of different palm plants that make excellent houseplants.
They don’t all look exactly the same, and some palm plant varieties don’t even look like what you would imagine. So, keep that in mind while you’re out shopping for new indoor tropical plants.
Here are a few of the most common types of palms for indoors that you might find for sale online or at your local garden center.
- Areca palm tree
- Ponytail plant
- Parlor palm
- Sago palm (though it’s technically not a true palm)
- Majesty palm tree
- Fan palm
- Cat palm
- Sentry palm
- Yucca palm
- Butterfly palm
Indoor Palm Plant Care Guide
Even though there are tons of different varieties of indoor palm plants, they all require the same basic conditions to grow their best.
That’s great news, and makes indoor palm plant care so much easier!! Here are some basic tips for caring for a palm plant indoors.
Watering Palm Plants
Palm plants are tolerant of being under watered, but they will grow their best when watered on a regular basis.
Ideally, palm plants prefer it when their soil is kept evenly moist, especially during the summer months (their active growing season).
Allow the soil to dry out only slightly between waterings in the summer. During the winter, you can let the soil dry out a bit more between waterings.
Be very careful not to overwater though, this is the number one killer of palm plants. I recommend growing indoor palm plants in pots that have drainage holes in the bottom, which will help to prevent overwatering.
If you struggle with giving your plants the right amount of water, I recommend getting an inexpensive soil moisture gauge to help you get it just right.
You could also use indoor plant watering devices to help with watering palm trees in pots.Dwarf parlor palm houseplants
Best Lighting For Palm Trees Indoors
One of the reasons palm plants are such common houseplants is that they can easily adapt to low light conditions indoors.
In fact most indoor palms prefer the shade, and will suffer if they get any direct sunlight. This is perfect, since most of us don’t have a ton of direct sunlight in our homes anyway!
Low light palm houseplants prefer bright indirect light, but will tolerate less light, especially during the winter.
They won’t survive in complete darkness though, so if there’s no natural light in the room, you’ll definitely need to add a grow light.
If you put your palm plant outside during the summer, make sure to keep it in the shade so it won’t get sunburn.
Best Potting Soil For Palm Trees
When it comes to what soil to use for palm trees and plants, most indoor palms aren’t super picky. The best soil for palm trees growing in pots is a loose, porous soil mix, such as a combo of peat moss, leaf mold, and shredded bark.
You can also buy cactus and palm soil mix specifically made for growing palm plants, otherwise they will grow just fine in a general purpose potting soil.
If you’re one of those people who tends to forget to water your plants (ehem, not that I would know anything about that), then you can mix some peat moss and/or vermiculite into the general purpose potting soil to help retain moisture.
Keep in mind that palm plants don’t like to be repotted, and can be grown in the same pot for several years. So, it’s best to wait to repot your palm plant until it’s pot-bound.Healthy palm plant leaf
How To Fertilize Palm Trees Indoors
Indoor palm plants don’t really need to be fertilized, but of course the plants will benefit from being fed as a part of your regular indoor palm plant care routine.
However, they are very sensitive to chemical houseplant fertilizer, and using synthetic fertilizers can do more harm than good.
It’s best to stick with using an organic plant fertilizer to feed your indoor palm plants.
The good news is that there are lots of options for organic palm tree fertilizer on the market that are specifically made for indoor house palms, which makes feeding them super easy!
My favorite brands of indoor palm fertilizer are Jobe’s, Espoma, and Dr. Earth. Whatever type of fertilizer you decide to use, it’s important to know when to fertilize palm trees.
Be sure to only fertilize your palm plants during their active growing period (spring and summer). Don’t fertilize indoor palm plants during the fall and winter, or the plants may suffer.Indoor palm trees in containers
Battling Bugs On Indoor Palm Trees
Spider mites are the most common pest that can attack indoor palm plants. Keeping the humidity level high in the air around the plant will help to fend off spider mites, and will also benefit the plant.
Houseplant scale and mealy bugs can also be a problem, but are much less common.
If you find that your palm plant has bugs, begin treatment immediately. Don’t use chemical pesticides on houseplant pests though, they aren’t very effective (plus they’re harmful to us and our pets!).
I recommend using organic neem oil, which is a natural pesticide. I also like to use a mixture of 1 tsp mild liquid soap per 1 liter of water to help control bugs.
Insecticidal soap or horticultural oil also work great. Learn more about how to get rid of houseplant bugs here.
Pruning Palm Plants
Indoor palm plants can be pruned to keep them looking nice, and to maintain their shape. Pruning off any old yellow, brown or spotted leaves on a regular basis is a good habit to get into, and will keep you palm plant looking its best.
It’s common for the lower leaves of palms to turn yellow or brown with age. If your plant is really full, you can prune off the old, small leaves around the bottom by simply cutting the fronds back to the stem of the plant.
You don’t need to remove the whole frond if it just has brown tips, but otherwise looks healthy. Brown tips of palm leaves can be pruned off any time to keep the plant looking nice.
Since palm leaves are so thin, use a sharp pair of pruners like bonsai pruning shears or micro-tip pruners for trimming palm plants.
If there are any super long stems, and you don’t like how they look, you can remove those too, but it’s not necessary. Be careful not to remove too many healthy fronds though, or it could harm the plant.
Common Indoor Palm Plant Care Problems
One of the most common problems that indoor palm plants have is brown leaves and tips. Why do the tips of palm leaves turn brown? Here are a few common causes…
- Lack of water
- Overuse of chemical fertilizers
- Spider mites
Keep in mind that if you just brought the plant home from the garden center, it will take some time for the chemical fertilizers to wash out of the soil.
But it doesn’t hurt to check to make sure you’re watering it enough, and that it’s not infested with spider mites.
If you’ve had the plant for a while and don’t use chemical fertilizer, then take a close look to see if the plant has spider mites. If the plant is clean, then check the soil and make sure it’s not too dry.
To keep your indoor palm plants looking nice, simply trim off the brown tips.
Why Is My Indoor Palm Dying?
There are several things that can cause indoor palm plants to die. The most common one is overwatering, but it could also be a lack of humidity, or inadequate lighting.
The soil should dry slightly between waterings, and never be completely bone dry or soggy. Find a place where they can get indirect sunlight, and increase the humidity level around the plant if it has brown tips.Brown tips on an indoor palm plant
If you don’t have a houseplant palm yet, or you’re looking to add more to your collection, you can buy indoor palm trees and plants online, or find them at your local garden center.
Indoor palm trees and plants are very low maintenance, and will thrive for years when you give them the proper care. If you ask me, palms might just be the perfect houseplant.
If you struggle with keeping your houseplants alive, especially during the dry winter months, then you need my Winter Houseplant Care eBook. It will teach you all you need to know in order to grow beautiful and healthy indoor plants no matter what the season. Download your copy today!
More Indoor Plant Care Guides
- Tropical Houseplant Care Guide: How To Grow Tropical Plants Indoors
- Rabbit’s Foot Fern: How To Grow & Care For “Davallia fejeensis”
- How To Care For Dieffenbachia (Dumb Cane)
- How To Take Care Of A Money Tree Plant (Pachira aquatica)
- How To Care For Rubber Plants: The Ultimate Guide
- How To Care For Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant (Ficus lyrata)
Do you grow palm plants in your home? Share your indoor palm plant care tips and advice in the comments below.
How often to water a house palm tree in a pot at home?
Growing palm trees at home is a responsible procedure that requires certain knowledge and skills from the florist. You need to know the requirements for maintaining a tree, because despite its unpretentiousness, it can start to hurt and develop poorly if you do not follow it at all. When ordering a finished plant, you will partially save yourself from most of the difficulties in the first stages, since the indoor palm flower will already be planted in a pot equipped with automatic watering. This is very convenient for beginner florists who have no experience.
1.How to water a palm tree immediately after purchase?
2. Watering an adult palm tree
3. What water to water?
4. Diseases due to excessive watering
The main thing in care is timely and correct watering. For him, you need to use only good water and do not skip the schedule of procedures. If the tree is properly cared for, it will be able to grow, develop, and soon even begin to bloom. In this article we will talk about care features and tell you how to water a palm tree at home.
How to water a palm tree immediately after purchase?
This is a very individual question, since right after the purchase the palm tree will need good care. You should ask the florist about how the plant was monitored and take the necessary measures in order to provide the tree with proper comfort. Here, much depends on watering, which should be timely and not particularly plentiful.
Here are some tips.
- after purchase, inspect the soil, if it is very wet, postpone watering for 2-3 days;
- in the summer, the “recruit” is watered immediately, as soon as they are brought home and then after 3-4 days;
- in the warm season, the leaves are additionally sprayed with a spray gun;
- in winter, the first moistening of the soil can be carried out after 5-7 days, then watered every 7-10 days;
- in addition to water, specialized top dressings from the store are introduced into the soil in summer.
Immediately after purchase, it is better to quarantine the palm tree for 2 weeks, isolating it from other plants. This is a reasonable precaution so as not to infect other flora in case the tree is sick with something. Even with the worst outcome, you will have to treat one plant, not the entire home garden.
Watering an adult palm tree
Once the plant has adapted, you can proceed to further care for it, providing it with good moisture:
- Water the palm tree in moderate dosages to moisten the topsoil. Water is added in small portions around the entire periphery of the pot.
- In summer, the tree is moistened 2-3 times a week, in winter - once every 7-10 days. It is necessary to strictly maintain the intervals between these procedures.
- If the room is stuffy, moisten the leaves. For adult trees, it is enough to use a cloth dipped in water, but for young ladies, a spray bottle is suitable. Spraying is carried out daily.
- Be sure to use a planter with drainage holes, without them it is very difficult to control watering. At the bottom of the pot, you need to lay expanded clay, crushed stone or any other stones, then sprinkle with sand. The soil is already poured from above, so all excess moisture will merge from it.
- For effective watering, create good conditions for the palm - choose a lighted place, but without direct sunlight. Avoid cold, drafts and maintain the optimum temperature: +25-30℃ in summer and +15-17℃ in winter.
According to these rules, the palm tree is constantly looked after, watching the tree. If watering is moderate and correct, then the plant will develop perfectly. Much depends on the temperature, it affects the evaporation of water. Since it is higher in summer, the soil is watered more often, and the leaves are additionally sprayed.
What water to use?
Samples from the tap should not be used, they can cause serious harm because they contain chorus and other harmful substances. Ideally, collect rainwater, which must additionally be settled. For irrigation, only clean liquid is used, the sediment is quite dangerous for the soil. You can purchase a small pitcher to provide metered watering.
If it is not possible to collect rainwater, you can use ordinary, but filtered water. It must also be defended, and then poured into a container, the sediment is also not used. We observe the multiplicity according to the recommendations that were described above.
It is forbidden to use melt water from snow collected on the street. It also contains many impurities that can harm the palm. Follow these rules and the tree will receive a sufficient amount of moisture that is useful for growth.
Diseases due to excessive watering
Excessive watering can seriously harm the palm tree, because it does not like excess moisture. Irrigation must be carried out on time, without missing the frequency of procedures, but at the same time without flooding the soil. Moisture is introduced moderately, the intervals recommended by florists are strictly observed.
The table shows signs of palm diseases due to excessive watering:
|Mold growth||Due to waterlogging of the soil, a white coating first appears on its surface, which can gradually spread to the entire surface of the soil. If nothing is done, the mold will damage the stem.|
|Root rot||Due to damage to the roots, the stem begins to rot, which can lead to wilting and even death of the tree.|
|Attack brown||The appearance of brown spots on the leaves, which may be small or large. Such symptoms also indicate waterlogging of the soil.|
|White Leprosy||This is the spread of a soil-dwelling fungus onto the stem. In addition to moderate watering, treatment with fungicidal preparations is required.|
In all these cases, the starting factor for the appearance of diseases is abundant watering. It is easy to recognize it - the soil is damp, literally "dirty", the soil is rather sour. If you draw a tool along it 1-2 cm deep, then the surface layer will be completely damp. Often this occurs if you do not use a pot with drain holes. Also, when transplanting, it is necessary to ensure proper drainage by laying crushed stone and sand on the bottom of the tank and only then sprinkling everything with soil.
Potted palm - home care
There are palm varieties that are unsuitable for indoor cultivation, mainly because these palms need maximum light throughout the daylight hours - direct sunlight.
These include: Brahea, Bismarkia nobilis, Archontophoenix cumminghaniana (King Palms), Syagrus romanofskiana (Queen Palms) and Ravenea rivularis, Verschefeltia species, most Licualas, Genomonas, Pinangas and Cyrtostachys.
The word “unsuitable” does not mean categorical, it is just difficult for these palm trees to provide the necessary conditions for development at home: lighting, temperature, humidity.
1) SOIL. Sufficient air and water permeability of the soil mixture must be maintained.
What does the permeability of the substrate mean? - after watering the palm tree, excess water should drain through the drain hole after a few minutes. If excess water lingers in the soil for a long time, then the palm roots will suffocate and the plant will die.
Palm is a plant that will stay in the same soil mixture for a long time, since almost all of them have a negative attitude towards the destruction of the earthen clod during transplantation. Therefore, in all cases, you need to carry out TRANSPPING, i.e. plant transplantation with preservation of an earthy coma. In the best case for the plant, you can replace the topsoil. Long-term watering the plant with hard water changes the acidity of the soil over time.
Conclusion. Choose the right mixture for planting palm trees, and try to water the plant with not hard water.
2) IRRIGATION Water for watering palm trees should be as soft as possible - rain or purified. When watering with tap water (as a rule, it is hard), starting from the top layer, the soil mixture will be saturated with salts, so in this case it is necessary to change the top layer of soil once a year. The temperature of the water used for irrigation should not be lower than the air temperature in the room. When using tap water, it must be defended for at least a day, since many palm trees are sensitive to the presence of chlorine.
The frequency of watering is:
- without drying the earthen coma;
- with slight drying of the earthen clod;
- with strong drying of the earthen ball
Remember, the plant itself reduces or increases water intake. Your task, as a grower, is to correctly determine the frequency of watering. The frequency of watering for each type of palm is indicated individually.
Amount of water for watering palm trees. The amount of water during irrigation should be such that after irrigation, excess water flows out through the drainage hole. If there is not enough water during irrigation, then salts will quickly accumulate in the soil mixture, as a result of which the plant will suffer.
3) HUMIDITY b . Palm trees reach their maximum decorative effect at high air humidity. In room conditions, this state is difficult to achieve, if not impossible.
If desired and possible, the air humidity can be increased in the following ways:
- place trays with water in the area next to the plant;
- use a humidifier;
- in the summer, in the heat, spray the plants with rainwater or distilled water.
Palm leaves should not be sprayed with hard tap water, otherwise they will soon develop a coating and the plant will lose its decorative effect.
Leaves should not be sprayed in autumn-winter and early spring, otherwise you will get problems with fungal diseases. It is not advisable to spray the leaves in cloudy weather, and also if the palm tree is located in a place with insufficient lighting (shade or partial shade).
4) CARE OF PALM LEAVES.
Periodic pruning required. The "CUTTING" section is in each article for each type of palm tree. Leaves should be periodically washed with warm water or wiped with a damp flannel.
Leaves should not be cleaned with chemical cleaners as palm trees are very sensitive to chemicals. If you use floral polishes, then after a short period of time the leaves will begin to turn yellow.
5) PALM FERTILIZER.
Palm is a tree that develops using very limited resources. If you have provided the plant with the recommended development conditions (lighting, watering, temperature, humidity), then most likely you may encounter only one problem - the loss of the plant's decorative effect (chlorosis, spots, growth retardation, leaf fall, etc.). All this is due to the lack of macro and micronutrients.
For each type of palm trees, detailed recommendations for top dressing are given.
There is one "but" most growers are accustomed to "feeding" the plant by applying fertilizer through the soil. The trouble is that soil mixtures in a pot are not always able to give the plant some nutrients. Therefore, I recommend once a month to carry out foliar feeding of palm trees. The technology of foliar feeding is described in detail in the relevant section of the site (see here).
In some articles I read - "if there is dry air, then the spider mite will attack the plant." Complete nonsense.
Pests either exist or they don't. Each pest has both optimal conditions for its development, and not quite. However, the pest develops in both cases - the task of all living things is to SURVIVE. Therefore:
- carefully inspect the plant before bringing it into the apartment;
- it is obligatory to create QUARANTINE for the plant. Everything is described in detail in the article "Plant Quarantine";
- do not bring plants from tourist trips into the apartment - they are 100% pest free. Pest control is expensive and harmful to humans, requires a systematic approach, but if this does not scare you, then see the control methods in the Pests section.
In all cases, I recommend treating diseases of physiological origin.
Diseases of fungal and bacterial origin are a big PROBLEM:
- difficult to identify;
- not all "sores" can be cured in room conditions;
- not all sell effective drugs;
- all preparations are harmful to humans;
- the palm tree will lose its decorative effect for at least a few years;
- there is a threat of the spread of diseases to other plants in the apartment.
If all of the above didn't scare you away, see the Diseases section of the site.
8) LIGHTING. For each type of palm, the optimal and permissible lighting is indicated.
9) PALM POT SELECTION .
Before spending money on purchasing a pot, you should consider that with a probability close to 100% it will be disposable and will last a maximum of 2-3 years.
Palm tree is a fast growing plant, every 2-3 years it needs to be transferred or transplanted into a larger pot. Palm trees do not tolerate the exposure of the root system very well, that is, during transshipment or transplantation, it is desirable to keep the earthen clod intact. Partial replacement of the top layer of the soil mixture is allowed. Based on these features, the service life of the pot emerges - 2/3 of the year (from transplant to transplant). In order to keep the earth lump intact, ceramic pots are broken, plastic ones are cut.
Pot material and color.
Pot can be of any material (ceramic, plastic, wood, concrete, etc.). But, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of each material:
- ceramics (not glazed inside) - the material itself absorbs moisture, and therefore the earthen lump in the pot will dry out quickly. When keeping a palm tree outdoors in the summer, you will have to water the plant every day, and maybe even more than once.
- color of the pot - the color of the pot should be light, because in spring / summer / autumn, solar radiation can heat up a dark surface to a temperature of over +65 0 C - first the pot is heated, and then the earth mixture and palm roots. And this is unacceptable, because at best, the palm tree will fall into a state of stagnation and get sick, at worst, it will die. If it is so important for you that the pot be dark, then the situation can be corrected by placing it in a pot of the required color: the air gap between the pot and the pot will not allow solar radiation to heat the pot and overheat the roots.
Pot size and shape.
Required proportions of the pot: the height must be greater than the diameter of the neck of the pot (bowls do not fit). There should be a hole in the bottom to drain the water.
When choosing the size (volume) of the pot, you should be guided by the following rules:
- you can not plant a small plant in a large pot;
- The next pot size should be 25-30% larger than the previous one.
If you are growing a palm tree from seed, the first pot will be 200ml, i.e. the container in which you plant the sprouted seedling when picking. The next pot size will be 0.4-0.5L, then 0.7-1L.
If you purchased a "teenage palm tree" in a retail chain, then after it becomes necessary to transplant / transship, select a new pot size 25-30% larger than the existing one (in which the palm tree grows).
The size of the pot significantly affects the development of the palm tree. If you plant a small plant (for example, a seedling) in a large pot (3-5l), then the plant will most likely die (the roots will rot).